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Nicaragua

Yearbook 1997

Nicaragua. According to Countryaah, the new government under President José Arnoldo Alemán Lacayo was installed in January. The installation was preceded partly by the Supreme Court annulling 80 laws passed by the previous National Assembly, and partly by a boycott led by Daniel Ortega and his party, the FSLN (Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional; the Sandinists), against the election of the country's legislative assembly.

In July, Daniel Ortega, through the FSLN, demanded that a referendum be conducted on the future of the right-wing coalition. The claim ran out in the sand, not least because Ortega's position in the party was debated.

One of the new administration's priorities was to end guerrilla operations in the northern parts of the country. In November, the government signed an agreement with the rebel group FUAC on a gradual disarmament. The agreement was the last to be concluded with the rebel groups with which the government negotiated.

1997 Nicaragua

In April 1997, the government and opposition mutually accused each other of arming and training paramilitary forces. Despite negotiations between the two sides, there was no understanding, and the relationship between government and Sandinists remained tense.

In August, the government refused to return the property to Anastasio Somoza's heirs the Sandinists had confiscated from the dictator following the revolution in 1979. This claim had been made by the former dictator's daughter, Lilian Somoza.

At the beginning of 1998, the United States was again one of Nicaragua's most important trading partners. The country's exports to the United States in 1997 were $ 375 million, 30% higher than two years earlier.

Hurricane Mitch's ravages of the country in November 1998 left 3,000 dead and tens of thousands homeless. Extensive international relief efforts were initiated, which also contributed to Denmark.

In late 1999, Nicaragua came into conflict with neighboring Honduras. The reason was that Honduras signed a border agreement with Colombia around 3 Caribbean islands off the coast of Nicaragua. Acc. Nicaragua affected the agreement 30,000 km of the country's ocean territory. Both countries blamed each other for provoking the conflict, for taking "warlike" steps, and on two occasions there was an exchange of gunfire between ships belonging to the two countries.

On March 8, 2000, after mediation from the OAS, the two countries signed an agreement to prevent the conflict from developing into actual war. They decided to suspend the deployment of troops along the common border and to conduct joint patrols while the conflict was legally settled by the International Court of Justice in The Hague.

The Supreme Court handed down judgment in the first of nine corporate crime cases. In this, 6 North American companies were sentenced to pay $ 1 billion. US $ in compensation to 4000 land workers who in 1968-83 used very toxic pesticides that had caused, among other things, cancer, sterility and deformations.

Liberal Enrique Bolaños won the November 2001 presidential election with 53.3% of the vote. Daniel Ortega got 45%. But in parliament, the election gave neither majority to the Liberals nor the FSLN. Ortega expressed dissatisfaction with the census results that did not correspond to the FSLN's own, and the chairman of the Supreme Election Commission received death threats, but according to. OAS observers found no irregularities in the electoral process.

 

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