Nicaragua. According to
Countryaah, the new government under President José Arnoldo Alemán Lacayo was installed in January. The
installation was preceded partly by the Supreme Court
annulling 80 laws passed by the previous National Assembly,
and partly by a boycott led by Daniel Ortega and his party,
the FSLN (Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional; the
Sandinists), against the election of the country's
In July, Daniel Ortega, through the FSLN, demanded that a
referendum be conducted on the future of the right-wing
coalition. The claim ran out in the sand, not least because
Ortega's position in the party was debated.
One of the new administration's priorities was to end
guerrilla operations in the northern parts of the country.
In November, the government signed an agreement with the
rebel group FUAC on a gradual disarmament. The agreement was
the last to be concluded with the rebel groups with which
the government negotiated.
In April 1997, the government and opposition mutually
accused each other of arming and training paramilitary
forces. Despite negotiations between the two sides, there
was no understanding, and the relationship between
government and Sandinists remained tense.
In August, the government refused to return the property
to Anastasio Somoza's heirs the Sandinists had confiscated
from the dictator following the revolution in 1979. This
claim had been made by the former dictator's daughter,
At the beginning of 1998, the United States was again one
of Nicaragua's most important trading partners. The
country's exports to the United States in 1997 were $ 375
million, 30% higher than two years earlier.
Hurricane Mitch's ravages of the country in November 1998
left 3,000 dead and tens of thousands homeless. Extensive
international relief efforts were initiated, which also
contributed to Denmark.
In late 1999, Nicaragua came into conflict with
neighboring Honduras. The reason was that Honduras signed a
border agreement with Colombia around 3 Caribbean islands
off the coast of Nicaragua. Acc. Nicaragua affected the
agreement 30,000 km of the country's ocean territory. Both
countries blamed each other for provoking the conflict, for
taking "warlike" steps, and on two occasions there was an
exchange of gunfire between ships belonging to the two
On March 8, 2000, after mediation from the OAS, the two
countries signed an agreement to prevent the conflict from
developing into actual war. They decided to suspend the
deployment of troops along the common border and to conduct
joint patrols while the conflict was legally settled by the
International Court of Justice in The Hague.
The Supreme Court handed down judgment in the first of
nine corporate crime cases. In this, 6 North American
companies were sentenced to pay $ 1 billion. US $ in
compensation to 4000 land workers who in 1968-83 used very
toxic pesticides that had caused, among other things,
cancer, sterility and deformations.
Liberal Enrique Bolaños won the November 2001
presidential election with 53.3% of the vote. Daniel Ortega
got 45%. But in parliament, the election gave neither
majority to the Liberals nor the FSLN. Ortega expressed
dissatisfaction with the census results that did not
correspond to the FSLN's own, and the chairman of the
Supreme Election Commission received death threats, but
according to. OAS observers found no irregularities in the