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Netherlands

Yearbook 1997

Netherlands. According to Countryaah, the Netherlands was the EU's Presidency during the first half of 1997. The EU summit in Amsterdam in mid-June failed despite Dutch pressure to reach a settlement on EU power issues, which would be a step towards enlargement to the east which is one of the Union's most important issues in the coming years. Justice Minister Winnie Sorgdrager presented a bill on July 1 aimed at decriminalizing the country's brothels. Under the new law, the brothel holder must register with the local authorities, which shall inspect the property in question. The purpose of the law is to try to gain better control over the sex industry, which is dominated by criminal groups.

The Netherlands continued on its economic path of success. Unemployment fell from 6.4% in October 1996 to 5.2%, just under half the EU average, in October 1997. A report from the London-based Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) ranked the Netherlands as the world's most attractive business environment and The International Institute for Management Development (IMD) in Swiss Lausanne placed the Netherlands in sixth place in the world in terms of competitiveness. The country's economic success was, among other things, social cuts, small wage increases and a sharp increase in the number of part-time jobs. One third of the workers worked part-time, which was the highest proportion in the EU.

1997 Netherlands

The Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg and part of northern France together form the region of the Netherlands. As the glaciers receded after the last ice age, these areas were populated by hunter and gatherer people who later evolved into the relatively advanced agricultural cultures encountered by the Romans. The Romans came to the Netherlands in the last century BCE The region was then inhabited by Celts and Germans. The empire was never able to conquer Frisia north of the Rhine, and instead settled in the delta where they created the provinces of Belgium and Lower Germany.

The Frisians lived from fishing and cattle breeding, while in the south farming was centered in the urban development. When the land in the 3rd century was flooded by the sea, it turned upside down on the economic basis of the region.

The strengthening of the Germanic tribes forced the Romans to entrust them with the guarding of the empire's external borders, just as with the Franks of Toxandria and Brabant. The separation of the Romanian and Germanic languages ​​coincided with the outer border of the Roman Empire, which divided the Netherlands in the middle.

The Frisians maintained their independence until the 8th century, but then the Franks and the Catholic Church embarked on a violent offensive. By the end of the century the area had been subjugated by the Franks during Pepin the First Dynasty and later the Carolingians. The decline of the Carolingian Empire towards the 10th century led to great instability. A number of principal judges were established who had a feudal relationship with the royal judges in Germany and France. The friezes were not subject to any rule at this time.

There were worldly (non-religious) principals in Flanders, Hainaut, Namur, Loon, the Netherlands, Zeeland and Guelders, as well as duchies in Brabant and Limburg. In the principals of Utrecht and Liège, worldly authority coincided with the religious one. The principals sought greater independence from the royal authority. The Flanders were pioneers in establishing an effective administration, followed by Brabant, Henao and Namur. The appointment of the bishops marked the end of the German influence and formed stronger ties between the principals. France sought to subjugate the Flanders with being beaten in 1302. The equilibrium of the power relationship between France and England allowed the region to retain its autonomy.

The growth of the population led to the involvement of soils in production. On the coast, the Cistercian and Premonstrate monks were very active in the building of dikes, which primarily served as a flood defense, and in the next row used to reclaim new land from the sea. From the 11th century, the friezes developed a drainage system that caused the water to fall and made the soil suitable for pastures and agricultural products. In the 12th and 13th centuries, this technique was used to drain a large swamp area around Utrecht and Amsterdam. These coastal regions of Flanders and Friesland were of great economic importance. In the 12th and 14th centuries, the struggle against the sea and the river basins assumed such dimensions that administrative bodies were set up to coordinate the construction of dikes and the use of water.

 

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