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Nepal

Yearbook 1997

Nepal. According to Countryaah, former Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba reshaped his government on January 8 in an effort to build greater unity within the fragile, center-right coalition of the sitting. He appointed a number of new ministers and reinstated the five who resigned in December 1996 to support a declaration of confidence directed at him.

However, the election in late January did not provide the desired electoral support for the own party Nepali Congress Party (NCP) that Deuba hoped for. By contrast, the coalition partner, the Communist Party of United Communist Party of Nepal (UCPN), went more than expected.

On March 6, Deuba was forced to resign after a vote of confidence in the second chamber, the House of Representatives. King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Deb then assigned Lokendra Bahadur Chand, leader of one of the other coalition parties, Rashtriya Prajatantra Party (RPP), to form a new government. The coalition this time included RPP, the largest party UCPN and the Nepali Sadbhavana Party (NSP).

Chand resigned from the Prime Minister's post as early as October 4, after losing a vote of confidence in the House of Representatives. His position had become untenable since eleven members of government jumped off government work in the first days of October. All belonged to the RPP and the defection confirmed the party's division into two factions. One faction was led by Chand, the other by Surya Bahadur Thapa, who was appointed new Prime Minister on October 6.

The five-member government Thapa appointed consisted of four delegates from the RPP and one from the NSP. He also promised some or all ministerial posts to NCP. The government won a first vote of confidence on October 9. UCPN then cast its votes.

1997 Nepal

In November 2013, elections were held for Nepal's constitutional assembly. The election was won by the Nepalese Congress Party, which went 81 seats up to 196 out of the 601 seats. The Communist Party (UML) also went ahead: from 108 to 175 seats. The big loser was the Maoist CPN (M), who declined from 229 to 80. The CPN (M) responded immediately by claiming the result was a result of election fraud and threatened not to occupy its seats. Subsequently, however, the party analyzed itself to the effect that there had been no fraud, but the result was the voters' judgment over the split in the party. In December, together with the Congress Party, CPN (UML) and the Madesbati parties, it signed a four-point agreement to set up a parliamentary committee to investigate anomalies in the elections. Then, it unintentionally supported the Congress party's formation of a new government. In February 2014, the Congress Party couldSushil Koirala will take over as prime minister. Abroad, the peaceful conduct of the elections and the subsequent negotiations expressed that democracy was gaining ground in the country.

In May 2014, the Constituent Assembly set up a Truth and Reconciliation Commission to investigate the assaults and disappearances committed during the Civil War. In a January ruling, the Supreme Court criticized the proposal now being adopted, and the UN Human Rights Council subsequently criticized the Commission. During the year, the United States and several other Western countries granted refugee status to thousands of the over 100,000 refugees displaced from Bhutan in the early 1990s.

In late April 2015, the country was hit by a violent earthquake measuring 7.8 on the Richter scale. 14 days later it was hit by a new 7.3 magnitude quake. The quakes killed nearly 9,000 and wounded nearly 22,000. The high loss rates were due to the poor quality of the Nepalese houses and the fact that the quakes at the same time destroyed roads in many parts of the country, making it impossible to carry out sick transport. At the same time, avalanches were fired, killing many in the mountains. Alone on Mt. Everest, 19 were killed by avalanches. At the same time, the quakes destroyed many historic buildings. Especially in the capital. Due. the collapse of the transport system, a number of countries sent helicopters to evacuate their own citizens from isolated valleys. Among other things. israel was sharply criticized for sending helicopters carrying only Israeli nationals - not wounded Nepalese.

Many cities were completely eradicated as a result of landslides. About 450,000 were made homeless. The help flowed in from all over the world. Norway gave DKK 31.1 million US $ in disaster relief, poor Haiti gave $ 1 million and Denmark granted DKK 0.7 million. that never arrived.

In September 2015, the Constitution was finally adopted in the Constitutional Assembly, which subsequently changed its status to Parliament. Nepal was then a federal democratic republic made up of 7 unnamed states. The Constitution declared the country a multi-ethnic, multilingual, multi-religious and multi-cultural state. In other words, a modern constitution as opposed to e.g. the Danish.

Former defense minister and member of the United Marxist-Leninist Communist Party, Bidhya Devi Bhandari was elected by parliament in October 2015 as president with 327 votes out of 549. She became the country's first female president.

 

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