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Namibia

1997 Namibia

In August 2004, Germany made a historic apology when the former colonial government apologized for the "genocide of 1904" in Okakarara, eastern Namibia. German Development Minister Heidemarie Wieczorek-Zeul apologized on the 100th anniversary of the German colonial massacre of the Herero people: "We Germans acknowledge our historical-political and ethical-moral guilt from this era," the minister declared. "I pray in the name of our Lord that our guilt be forgiven," she continued.

At the third presidential election since the country's independence, Swapo's candidate, Hifikepunye Pohamba, got 76% of the vote. Observers pointed out that Pohamba is following its predecessor - Nujomas - politics. When the victory was clear, he declared that he would serve the people and promote foreign investment in the country. The opposition party The Democratic Democrats got 9.9% of the vote and declared that the electoral process had been flawed. In addition to the presidential post, Swapo received 55 of Parliament's 72 seats.

Despite heavy rainfall, 20,000 people showed up at the open stage in Windhoek to attend to the transfer of power from Nujoma to his faith armor for 40 years, Hifikepunye Pohamba. The party remains under Nujoma's control. In his speech, Pohamba pointed out that agricultural reform is only progressing very slowly. According to Countryaah, observers can lead to social unrest or even revolution. Most of the land is still owned by 3800 white landlords. Although Nujoma has on several occasions expressed admiration for the urgent agricultural reform in Zimbabwe, the process in Namibia stays within the framework of supply and demand.

For several years, black farmers on communal lands had urged the 4,000 commercial farmers - predominantly white - to embark on land reform to avoid "invasion of lands by the same example as in Zimbabwe ". Only about 35,000 Namibians had been allocated arable land since independence in 1990, as white farmers refused to sell land. In September 2005, the Government of Pohamba then began to expropriate the lands of white farmers.

The fishing industry had experienced high growth since 1998. The Ministry of Fisheries therefore had to order a significant reduction in allowable fishing quotas for 2006-07. In particular, it went beyond the catch of hake, which was reduced to 50,000 tonnes. The majority of the catch was sent to Spain, from where it was exported to the rest of Europe. The Overberg Fishing Group, which especially caught on the fishing banks in Walvis Bay, declared through its director that the reduction was a "disaster" and was a "disaster for the entire fishing industry". But the spokeswoman for Namibia's Fisheries Association, Denise van Bergen, stated that with the existing fish stock, the ministry did not have many other options and that it was "difficult to find a balance between the conservation of the fishing industry and the protection of fishery resources".

Already in 2003, Parliament passed an anti-corruption law, which anticipated the creation of an Anti-Corruption Commission. It was finally established in February 2006. Pohamba stated that the creation of the Commission was the last step towards "finally settling the guilty of state fraud and theft".

Due. the high prevalence of HIV and AIDS (affecting 20% ​​of the population) launched the Namibian Legal Assistance Center (LAC) in March to launch a campaign to legalize prostitution. The LAC argued that the legalization of prostitution would allow an effective campaign against HIV/ AIDS - targeting prostitutes and their clients. The aim should also be to reduce the scale of violence and abuse associated with prostitution.

After a decade without cases, in June alone, 34 cases of polio were recorded, of which 7 were fatal. The aggressiveness of the disease and the fact that the predominantly attacked adults - most afflicted were over 20 years - was very unusual and disturbing as the virus attacks adults more severely, leading to paralysis and ultimately death. Due. the extent of the outbreak asked the government for local and international help to carry out a massive vaccination campaign.

An important group of nuclear power plant companies declared in June 2007 that they wanted to acquire Namibian uranium mining company UraMin. The name of the group of companies was not disclosed, but rumors in Namibia pointed to the fact that it was the Chinese national nuclear group, which a month earlier had shown interest in the Namibian company. UraMin also operates uranium mines in the Central African Republic and in South Africa.

During Swapo's November 2007 congress, Sam Nujoma resigned as party chairman, handing over the post to President Pohamba. It ran for the 2009 presidential election and was re-elected with 76.4% of the vote.

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