In August 2004, Germany made a historic apology when the
former colonial government apologized for the "genocide of
1904" in Okakarara, eastern Namibia. German Development
Minister Heidemarie Wieczorek-Zeul apologized on the 100th
anniversary of the German colonial massacre of the Herero
people: "We Germans acknowledge our historical-political and
ethical-moral guilt from this era," the minister declared.
"I pray in the name of our Lord that our guilt be forgiven,"
At the third presidential election since the country's
independence, Swapo's candidate, Hifikepunye Pohamba, got
76% of the vote. Observers pointed out that Pohamba is
following its predecessor - Nujomas - politics. When the
victory was clear, he declared that he would serve the
people and promote foreign investment in the country. The
opposition party The Democratic Democrats got 9.9% of the
vote and declared that the electoral process had been
flawed. In addition to the presidential post, Swapo received
55 of Parliament's 72 seats.
Despite heavy rainfall, 20,000 people showed up at the
open stage in Windhoek to attend to the transfer of power
from Nujoma to his faith armor for 40 years, Hifikepunye
Pohamba. The party remains under Nujoma's control. In his
speech, Pohamba pointed out that agricultural reform is only
progressing very slowly. According to
observers can lead to social unrest or even revolution. Most
of the land is still owned by 3800 white landlords. Although
Nujoma has on several occasions expressed admiration for the
urgent agricultural reform in Zimbabwe, the process in
Namibia stays within the framework of supply and demand.
For several years, black farmers on communal lands had
urged the 4,000 commercial farmers - predominantly white -
to embark on land reform to avoid "invasion of lands by the
same example as in Zimbabwe ". Only about 35,000 Namibians
had been allocated arable land since independence in 1990,
as white farmers refused to sell land. In September 2005,
the Government of Pohamba then began to expropriate the
lands of white farmers.
The fishing industry had experienced high growth since
1998. The Ministry of Fisheries therefore had to order a
significant reduction in allowable fishing quotas for
2006-07. In particular, it went beyond the catch of hake,
which was reduced to 50,000 tonnes. The majority of the
catch was sent to Spain, from where it was exported to the
rest of Europe. The Overberg Fishing Group, which especially
caught on the fishing banks in Walvis Bay, declared through
its director that the reduction was a "disaster" and was a
"disaster for the entire fishing industry". But the
spokeswoman for Namibia's Fisheries Association, Denise van
Bergen, stated that with the existing fish stock, the
ministry did not have many other options and that it was
"difficult to find a balance between the conservation of the
fishing industry and the protection of fishery resources".
Already in 2003, Parliament passed an anti-corruption
law, which anticipated the creation of an Anti-Corruption
Commission. It was finally established in February 2006.
Pohamba stated that the creation of the Commission was the
last step towards "finally settling the guilty of state
fraud and theft".
Due. the high prevalence of HIV and AIDS (affecting 20%
of the population) launched the Namibian Legal Assistance
Center (LAC) in March to launch a campaign to legalize
prostitution. The LAC argued that the legalization of
prostitution would allow an effective campaign against HIV/
AIDS - targeting prostitutes and their clients. The aim
should also be to reduce the scale of violence and abuse
associated with prostitution.
After a decade without cases, in June alone, 34 cases of
polio were recorded, of which 7 were fatal. The
aggressiveness of the disease and the fact that the
predominantly attacked adults - most afflicted were over 20
years - was very unusual and disturbing as the virus attacks
adults more severely, leading to paralysis and ultimately
death. Due. the extent of the outbreak asked the government
for local and international help to carry out a massive
An important group of nuclear power plant companies
declared in June 2007 that they wanted to acquire Namibian
uranium mining company UraMin. The name of the group of
companies was not disclosed, but rumors in Namibia pointed
to the fact that it was the Chinese national nuclear group,
which a month earlier had shown interest in the Namibian
company. UraMin also operates uranium mines in the Central
African Republic and in South Africa.
During Swapo's November 2007 congress, Sam Nujoma
resigned as party chairman, handing over the post to
President Pohamba. It ran for the 2009 presidential election
and was re-elected with 76.4% of the vote.