Mozambique. According to
Countryaah, the Swedish government increased aid to
Mozambique to help the country pay off its large debts.
Mozambique, one of the world's poorest and most debt-ridden
countries, received in 1997 two-thirds of its debt written
off by the Paris Club - a lender of several countries.
However, the debts were still large and amounted to three
times more than the country's GDP.
At the presidential election on December 22, 2004, Frelimo's
candidate, Armando Guebuza became the victor with 64% of the
vote. the official count. Still, Renamo characterized the
election as characterized by scams. Acc. Javier Pomés, head
of the EU Election Observation Corps, was in the process of
a number of irregularities, although he did not think the
irregularities were sufficiently extensive to warrant
cancellation of the result. One of the irregularities was
that the number of votes cast at some polling stations
exceeded the number of voters on these tables' lists. The
President of Renamo's Election Council, Antonio Namburete,
declared that he could not approve the election result.
Chissano, in turn, called on the opposition to take its
seats in parliament with "dignity" and to make its
contribution to the country's development.
According to new statistics from the Interparliamentary
Union (UPI) in early 2005, Mozambique stands at 35% in
second place after Rwanda in terms of female representation
in world parliaments. At the same time, it is one of the few
countries in the world where the post of Prime Minister or
Prime Minister is held by a woman. At the same time, the
country's government consists of 6 women ministers, 4 deputy
ministers and 2 governors.
Five years after the murder of journalist Carlos Cardoso,
Aníbal «Anibalzinho» dos Santos reported in December 2005.
It happened after it mysteriously disappeared twice from
prison in court during the trial. In January 2006,
Anibalzinho was sentenced to 30 years in prison.
In 2006, the country carried out a money exchange, in
which the country's currency Metical cleared 3 zeros. So
1000 old Meticals went on one new one.
In February 2006, the IMF questioned Mozambique's mega
projects such as Mozal (an aluminum plant), HCB (one of
Africa's largest hydropower plants) and the oil company
Sasol. Acc. The IMF needed to manage these large projects
closely to avoid corruption. The IMF also estimated that
since the projects are in special economic zones, the
revenue for the state will be marginal.
The extensive rainfall in the first weeks of February
2007 led to extensive flooding throughout the country. Acc.
UN calculations 40,000 hectares of crops were completely
destroyed while many others were affected. Several hundred
died during the natural disaster, and 80,000 had to flee. At
the end of the same month, Hurricane Fabio hit Mozambique
with a wind speed of up to 200km/hour. It further
aggravated the situation and increased the number of
refugees to 100,000. The World Food Organization declared
the country a disaster area and asked the world community
for disaster relief to alleviate the already serious
In May 2009, Parliament passed a new electoral law based
on the experience of the local elections in 2003. In
October, Guebuza was re-elected president with 64% of the
vote, while his counterpart Afonso Dhlakama from Renamo got
32%. Frelimo captured 160 seats in parliament, while a
coalition of Renamo and smaller parties conquered the
remaining 90 seats.
From 2009, Portuguese began to flow to Mozambique, as
they did to Angola: on the run from the deep economic crisis
in Portugal. By 2003, over 20,000 had emigrated to the
former Portuguese colony.
In September 2010. protests in the provinces of Maputo
and Manica came against rising food prices. 14 protesters
were killed and more than 400 injured. Police defended
themselves with running out of rubber bullets. 140 were
arrested for calling for the protests, but all cases had to
be dropped due to lack of evidence. As a result of the
killings, the Minister of the Interior was removed from the
post in October - and instead made Minister of Agriculture.
For many years, Mozambique has been plagued by corruption
and bribery. In July 2011, the government passed new laws
against bribery, corruption and theft of public funds. This
happened after two ministers in the previous 2 years had
been convicted of bribery. In March 2012, Calisto Alberto
Tomo, Director of the Anti-Drugs Office of Southern
Mozambique, was found guilty of theft of public funds along
with the treasurer of the office.