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Mozambique

Yearbook 1997

Mozambique. According to Countryaah, the Swedish government increased aid to Mozambique to help the country pay off its large debts. Mozambique, one of the world's poorest and most debt-ridden countries, received in 1997 two-thirds of its debt written off by the Paris Club - a lender of several countries. However, the debts were still large and amounted to three times more than the country's GDP.

1997 Mozambique

At the presidential election on December 22, 2004, Frelimo's candidate, Armando Guebuza became the victor with 64% of the vote. the official count. Still, Renamo characterized the election as characterized by scams. Acc. Javier Pomés, head of the EU Election Observation Corps, was in the process of a number of irregularities, although he did not think the irregularities were sufficiently extensive to warrant cancellation of the result. One of the irregularities was that the number of votes cast at some polling stations exceeded the number of voters on these tables' lists. The President of Renamo's Election Council, Antonio Namburete, declared that he could not approve the election result. Chissano, in turn, called on the opposition to take its seats in parliament with "dignity" and to make its contribution to the country's development.

According to new statistics from the Interparliamentary Union (UPI) in early 2005, Mozambique stands at 35% in second place after Rwanda in terms of female representation in world parliaments. At the same time, it is one of the few countries in the world where the post of Prime Minister or Prime Minister is held by a woman. At the same time, the country's government consists of 6 women ministers, 4 deputy ministers and 2 governors.

Five years after the murder of journalist Carlos Cardoso, Aníbal «Anibalzinho» dos Santos reported in December 2005. It happened after it mysteriously disappeared twice from prison in court during the trial. In January 2006, Anibalzinho was sentenced to 30 years in prison.

In 2006, the country carried out a money exchange, in which the country's currency Metical cleared 3 zeros. So 1000 old Meticals went on one new one.

In February 2006, the IMF questioned Mozambique's mega projects such as Mozal (an aluminum plant), HCB (one of Africa's largest hydropower plants) and the oil company Sasol. Acc. The IMF needed to manage these large projects closely to avoid corruption. The IMF also estimated that since the projects are in special economic zones, the revenue for the state will be marginal.

The extensive rainfall in the first weeks of February 2007 led to extensive flooding throughout the country. Acc. UN calculations 40,000 hectares of crops were completely destroyed while many others were affected. Several hundred died during the natural disaster, and 80,000 had to flee. At the end of the same month, Hurricane Fabio hit Mozambique with a wind speed of up to 200km/hour. It further aggravated the situation and increased the number of refugees to 100,000. The World Food Organization declared the country a disaster area and asked the world community for disaster relief to alleviate the already serious situation.

In May 2009, Parliament passed a new electoral law based on the experience of the local elections in 2003. In October, Guebuza was re-elected president with 64% of the vote, while his counterpart Afonso Dhlakama from Renamo got 32%. Frelimo captured 160 seats in parliament, while a coalition of Renamo and smaller parties conquered the remaining 90 seats.

From 2009, Portuguese began to flow to Mozambique, as they did to Angola: on the run from the deep economic crisis in Portugal. By 2003, over 20,000 had emigrated to the former Portuguese colony.

In September 2010. protests in the provinces of Maputo and Manica came against rising food prices. 14 protesters were killed and more than 400 injured. Police defended themselves with running out of rubber bullets. 140 were arrested for calling for the protests, but all cases had to be dropped due to lack of evidence. As a result of the killings, the Minister of the Interior was removed from the post in October - and instead made Minister of Agriculture.

For many years, Mozambique has been plagued by corruption and bribery. In July 2011, the government passed new laws against bribery, corruption and theft of public funds. This happened after two ministers in the previous 2 years had been convicted of bribery. In March 2012, Calisto Alberto Tomo, Director of the Anti-Drugs Office of Southern Mozambique, was found guilty of theft of public funds along with the treasurer of the office.

 

 

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