in 1978, a referendum was held on the formation of the
Federation of Micronesian States. In 4 states, there was a
majority for this solution, while Palau and Marshall Islands
decided to continue under their own status.
Before the war, exports had been based on fishing and
coconuts, but the increase in population made this
production base insufficient. To survive, the islands
received financial "assistance" from the United States.
The superpower used a number of islands to test nuclear
bombs, such as Bikini and Eniwetok, where the first hydrogen
bomb was tested in 1954. The blasts caused the civilian
population to be moved from the islands and they have not
yet been able to return. By mistake, the Bikini Atoll and 34
nearby small islands were declared habitable in 1968, but in
1977 studies revealed that the water, fruits and vegetables
remained too radioactive to be eaten.
Several countries decided that the simplest way to
dispose of radioactive waste was to deposit them in the
Pacific, which therefore became a veritable landfill for the
international nuclear industry and nuclear power plants.
This situation has sparked vigorous protests from locals who
have been affected by the spill from the depots. In a number
of cases, the people have been deported from their islands
for the US Navy to carry out military maneuvers.