Kyrgyzstan. On March 18, an agreement was signed between
Kyrgyzstan and the Russian Federation to extend Russian
control of Kyrgyzstan's borders to the end of 1997.
In June, unrest broke out on the streets of the capital
Bishkek. According to
Countryaah, the cause was a convicting conviction against two
journalists who were charged with slander and defamation.
They were sentenced to 18 months in prison each. Following
the verdict, which fell on May 26, a series of protest
meetings and demonstrations were held outside the government
building, and on June 10, the authorities surrendered and
reduced the penalties for the two journalists.
The October 2011 presidential election was won by Social
Democrat Almazbek Atambayev with 63% of the vote. Atambayev
took over the post on December 1, deploying Omurbek Babanov
as its prime minister. Foreign policy Atambayev was
targeting Turkey and Russia. With Turkey, the country signed
an agreement to increase trade from DKK 300 million. US $ in
2011 to $ 1 billion At the same time, Turkey pledged to
secure Turkish investment in Kyrgyzstan of $ 450 million. US
$ over the next few years. Ifht. Russia promised Atambayev
to forge closer relations - at the expense of US influence
in the country.
In November, the security police arrested GKNB a staff
member of the International Crisis Group (ICG), who was in
Kyrgyzstan to gather information about the country for a
report. He was questioned, confiscated and then expelled.
Babanov only managed to sit for 9 months as prime
minister. In September 2012, he resigned from the post. He
was replaced by Aaly Karashev, who was only in the post for
4 days, after which he was replaced by Zhantoro
Satybaldiyev. The country was in deep crisis and
Satybaldiyev was soon faced with demands for nationalization
of the Kumtor gold mine in the southern part of the country.
Gold exports accounted for 12% of the country's export
revenue until the year before, but exports had fallen.
However, Satybaldiyev refused to nationalize the mine. In
May 2013, protesters stormed the mine and demanded it be
nationalized. 50 people were injured. The government
responded that it would find other ways to increase
production. However, the crisis continued and in March 2014,
Satybaldiyev was replaced by former Finance Minister
During Atambayev, Kyrgyzstan moved closer to Russia. In
2014, the US airbase in the country was closed.
In the first half of 2014, the state attorney received
109 reports of torture committed by security forces.
However, only 9 of the cases were investigated and only 3
In May 2014, the Minister of Justice made proposals for
amendments to the NGO law that would make it illegal to
create unregistered NGOs. In November, the parliamentary
committee on human rights, constitutional law and state
structure recommended that the proposal be withdrawn.
In April 2016, Sooronbay Jeenbekov assumed the post of
Prime Minister. He resigned from the post when he decided in
August 2017 to run for president. After a brief interim
president, the post was taken over by Sapar Isakov.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel visited Kyrgyzstan in
July 2016 to discuss bilateral relations with President
Atambayev. In January, the EU had granted Kyrgyzstan GSP +
status. An instrument of EU trade policy which reduced
tariff tariffs in return for improving the human rights
situation, labor rights and environmental protection.
A referendum passed a series of amendments to the
Constitution in December 2016 with 79.6%, 15.4% voting
against. The changes included: increased power for the Prime
Minister and the House of Commons, a number of legal reforms
and a marriage reform, so that marriage could only be
concluded between «man and woman», instead of as previously
«two people». A backlash for marriage between LGBT people.
The October 2017 presidential election was won by
Sooronbay Jeenbekov with 54.7% of the vote. The second
largest was Ömürbek Babanov with 34.5%. It was the first
time in Central Asia that there was a change of president
without the cause of death or revolution.