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Kosovo

1997 Kosovo

According to Countryaah, on February 1, 1990, the Federal Army is sent into Kosova. On July 2, the Kosovo Parliament declares that the country has the same status as the other republics of Yugoslavia. It leads to the issuance of a decree in Serbia on July 5, dissolving parliament and government. At the same time, the radio and TV station is occupied by Serbian police. Mass layoffs of Albanians from the state institutions are initiated, and the Ministry of Education and Teachers' College are closed. The daily newspaper Rilindja will be closed, and in September a campaign will be opened for the closure of the Albanian schools. The Kosovo Parliament adopts the Constitution of the Republic of Kosova within the framework of the Yugoslav Federation.

In February 1991, the Albanians themselves begin teaching in the middle schools. In April, the Serbs are suspending teachers' salaries. On September 1, 1991, the University of Prishtina closed. After four former Yugoslav republics declared themselves independent, Kosovo's parliament on September 22 declared the country independent. By a referendum 26-30. September, Kosovo residents confirm this decision. The country gets its first government under the leadership of Prime Minister Bujar Bukoshi.

In February 1992, the higher education programs resumed under independent forms of education. On May 24, parliamentary and presidential elections will be held, choosing Ibrahim Rugova as president of the republic. In August, the London Conference sets up a special group for Kosova. Serbia is stepping up its suppression in the following years.

In 1997-98, an Albanian guerrilla, the UCK, builds military operations aimed at the Yugoslav occupation forces.

In March 1999, NATO launches bombing of Yugoslavia after rejecting a Western ultimatum to resolve the Kosovo crisis. In June, a ceasefire agreement is concluded, in which Yugoslavia allows NATO and Russia to invade Kosova. While Serbian military forces carried out massacres against the Kosovan Albanians at the start of the war, sending hundreds of thousands to flee into Albania, it is now the Albanians' turn to carry out terror against the Serbian people in Kosova. A new stream of refugees is being launched, this time with a direction towards Serbia.

With Security Council Resolution 1244 of June 1999, the United Nations Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) has political and security responsibilities over the area. Parliamentary elections were held in 2001 and again in 2004. In March 2002, Ibrahim Rugova was elected president.

The November 2007 parliamentary elections were a victory for the Kosovo Democratic Party (PDK), which received 34.3% of the vote. The second largest party was the Democratic League with 22.6%. The turnout of just 45% was disappointing. The PDK chairman, Hashim Thaši, was appointed prime minister in January 2008. Thaši was a member of the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) and in 1997 was indicted and sentenced in absentia by a Serbian court in Prishtina for terrorism. In 1999, he participated in the Rambouillet peace talks as leader of the Kosovo delegation.

 

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