on February 1, 1990, the Federal Army is sent into Kosova.
On July 2, the Kosovo Parliament declares that the country
has the same status as the other republics of Yugoslavia. It
leads to the issuance of a decree in Serbia on July 5,
dissolving parliament and government. At the same time, the
radio and TV station is occupied by Serbian police. Mass
layoffs of Albanians from the state institutions are
initiated, and the Ministry of Education and Teachers'
College are closed. The daily newspaper Rilindja will be
closed, and in September a campaign will be opened for the
closure of the Albanian schools. The Kosovo Parliament
adopts the Constitution of the Republic of Kosova within the
framework of the Yugoslav Federation.
In February 1991, the Albanians themselves begin teaching
in the middle schools. In April, the Serbs are suspending
teachers' salaries. On September 1, 1991, the University of
Prishtina closed. After four former Yugoslav republics
declared themselves independent, Kosovo's parliament on
September 22 declared the country independent. By a
referendum 26-30. September, Kosovo residents confirm this
decision. The country gets its first government under the
leadership of Prime Minister Bujar Bukoshi.
In February 1992, the higher education programs resumed
under independent forms of education. On May 24,
parliamentary and presidential elections will be held,
choosing Ibrahim Rugova as president of the republic. In
August, the London Conference sets up a special group for
Kosova. Serbia is stepping up its suppression in the
In 1997-98, an Albanian guerrilla, the UCK, builds
military operations aimed at the Yugoslav occupation forces.
In March 1999, NATO launches bombing of Yugoslavia after
rejecting a Western ultimatum to resolve the Kosovo crisis.
In June, a ceasefire agreement is concluded, in which
Yugoslavia allows NATO and Russia to invade Kosova. While
Serbian military forces carried out massacres against the
Kosovan Albanians at the start of the war, sending hundreds
of thousands to flee into Albania, it is now the Albanians'
turn to carry out terror against the Serbian people in
Kosova. A new stream of refugees is being launched, this
time with a direction towards Serbia.
With Security Council Resolution 1244 of June 1999, the
United Nations Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) has political and
security responsibilities over the area. Parliamentary
elections were held in 2001 and again in 2004. In March
2002, Ibrahim Rugova was elected president.
The November 2007 parliamentary elections were a victory
for the Kosovo Democratic Party (PDK), which received 34.3%
of the vote. The second largest party was the Democratic
League with 22.6%. The turnout of just 45% was
disappointing. The PDK chairman, Hashim Thaši, was appointed
prime minister in January 2008. Thaši was a member of the
Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) and in 1997 was indicted and
sentenced in absentia by a Serbian court in Prishtina for
terrorism. In 1999, he participated in the Rambouillet peace
talks as leader of the Kosovo delegation.