Kenya. According to
Countryaah, the December 29 presidential and parliamentary
elections were preceded by a year of violence and political
protests. In February, the death of a student leader sparked
violent protests in Nairobi, and in July, soldiers and
police turned down demonstrations calling for democratic
A large part of the diplomatic corps, including Sweden's
ambassador, supported the demands for increased political
freedom, but only after the July elections did President
Daniel arap Moi admit that the constitution should be
revised. However, unrest continued over the summer, mainly
in the coastal areas where about 40 people were killed in
riots and wildfires. There were strong suspicions that the
violence was organized by the ruling African National Union
of Kenya, the Kenya African National Union (KANU), to drive
away indigenous groups that supported the opposition.
The world 's dissatisfaction with the conditions in K.
was underlined by the International Monetary Fund (IMF)' s
decision in July to withhold a loan of DKK 205 million.
dollars in protest against corruption and economic
Before the elections, the government agreed to give the
opposition a seat in the electoral commission, access to the
media and the right to hold meetings without police
permission. Nevertheless, the election campaign demanded a
dozen casualties and several of the opposition's election
meetings were dissolved by police under tumultuous forms.
The elections were poorly executed and were accompanied by
protests from the opposition to alleged cheating. Observers
from church communities, however, felt that the elections,
despite the shortcomings, reflected the will of the people.
Because of the opposition's big divide, Moi once again won
despite being far from an absolute majority of the votes,
and KANU also claimed to have won the parliamentary
Kenya's diplomatic isolation increased in the late 1980s,
but this changed after the Gulf War in February 91. Kenya's
close alliance with the United States and its allied force
provided the country with financial assistance from the
United Kingdom and military support from the United States.
Nevertheless, the continued deterioration of the human
rights situation led to the disruption of diplomatic
relations between Kenya and Norway in the same year. At the
same time, the situation of neighboring countries Sudan,
Ethiopia and Uganda worsened. In the first case, the two
governments mutually accused each other of providing shelter
and support for partisans attacking the counterpart. Ifht.
Uganda, the political differences since 86 had led to
repeated meetings. The contradictions with Ethiopia stemmed
from the smuggling of wildlife from Kenya to the neighboring
country by Ethiopians living in Kenya.
Economic growth fell below the average achieved in the
previous decade. According to official information,
inflation in 90 was 15%, but independent sources gave it up
to 30%. As a result of the Gulf War, the cost of importing
oil increased, affecting the trade balance. Tourism declined
in previous years and payments on foreign debt reached 30%
of total export revenue. Like other countries in the region,
Kenya implemented a tightening of public spending through
the privatization of state-owned enterprises and the failure
to re-fill public sector vacancies. At the same time, the
country was heavily dependent on foreign aid.