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Kenya

Yearbook 1997

Kenya. According to Countryaah, the December 29 presidential and parliamentary elections were preceded by a year of violence and political protests. In February, the death of a student leader sparked violent protests in Nairobi, and in July, soldiers and police turned down demonstrations calling for democratic reform.

A large part of the diplomatic corps, including Sweden's ambassador, supported the demands for increased political freedom, but only after the July elections did President Daniel arap Moi admit that the constitution should be revised. However, unrest continued over the summer, mainly in the coastal areas where about 40 people were killed in riots and wildfires. There were strong suspicions that the violence was organized by the ruling African National Union of Kenya, the Kenya African National Union (KANU), to drive away indigenous groups that supported the opposition.

The world 's dissatisfaction with the conditions in K. was underlined by the International Monetary Fund (IMF)' s decision in July to withhold a loan of DKK 205 million. dollars in protest against corruption and economic mismanagement.

Before the elections, the government agreed to give the opposition a seat in the electoral commission, access to the media and the right to hold meetings without police permission. Nevertheless, the election campaign demanded a dozen casualties and several of the opposition's election meetings were dissolved by police under tumultuous forms. The elections were poorly executed and were accompanied by protests from the opposition to alleged cheating. Observers from church communities, however, felt that the elections, despite the shortcomings, reflected the will of the people. Because of the opposition's big divide, Moi once again won despite being far from an absolute majority of the votes, and KANU also claimed to have won the parliamentary election.

1997 Kenya

Diplomatic isolation

Kenya's diplomatic isolation increased in the late 1980s, but this changed after the Gulf War in February 91. Kenya's close alliance with the United States and its allied force provided the country with financial assistance from the United Kingdom and military support from the United States. Nevertheless, the continued deterioration of the human rights situation led to the disruption of diplomatic relations between Kenya and Norway in the same year. At the same time, the situation of neighboring countries Sudan, Ethiopia and Uganda worsened. In the first case, the two governments mutually accused each other of providing shelter and support for partisans attacking the counterpart. Ifht. Uganda, the political differences since 86 had led to repeated meetings. The contradictions with Ethiopia stemmed from the smuggling of wildlife from Kenya to the neighboring country by Ethiopians living in Kenya.

Economic growth fell below the average achieved in the previous decade. According to official information, inflation in 90 was 15%, but independent sources gave it up to 30%. As a result of the Gulf War, the cost of importing oil increased, affecting the trade balance. Tourism declined in previous years and payments on foreign debt reached 30% of total export revenue. Like other countries in the region, Kenya implemented a tightening of public spending through the privatization of state-owned enterprises and the failure to re-fill public sector vacancies. At the same time, the country was heavily dependent on foreign aid.

 

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