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Jamaica

Yearbook 1997

Jamaica. According to Countryaah, political violence preceded the parliamentary elections in December. a car column was shot with representatives of the ruling Peopleʹs National Party (PNP). At the election, the PNP got 33 out of the parliament's 60 seats. The largest opposition party, JLP (Jamaica Labor Party), received ten seats.

During the year, the former leader of the PNP, Michael Manley, who was prime minister in 1972–80 and 1989–92, died.

1997 Jamaica

96% of workers in the free zone were women who were exposed to extended working days, in miserable working environment conditions, without security and with low wages. This had serious consequences for the children in the capital, Kingston, where 52% of families were headed by women.

In 1985-87, the workers' government entered into a series of agreements with the United States on the implementation of a program to combat drug trafficking. It was estimated that $ 750 million of marijuana was smuggled annually from Jamaica to the United States.

In 1989, Michael Manley and the PNP were able to take over the government again, after being strengthened by the municipal elections in June 1986. The program he now presented was very different from his program in 1976. It was now based on the promotion of private business and good relations with USA. He restored relations with Cuba, declaring that he would respect the agreements with the IMF, even if he would not accept conditions that would lead to a worsening of social inequalities. His goal was to maintain economic growth, but with a better distribution of the country's wealth.

After long-term illness, in April 1992, Manley handed over the Prime Minister's post and PNP chairman to Percival J. Patterson. Patterson was a well-known politician, former senator and former minister in several PNP governments.

At the same time that the government provided guarantees to the trade union movement, in 1992 it initiated the privatization of some 300 state-owned enterprises, which were characterized as unproductive. The whole sugar industry was also part of this privatization program.

At the March 1993 election, the PNP got 60% of the vote, and Patterson could thus continue on the prime minister's post. The Labor Party - led by the increasingly criticized Edward Seaga - declined to take part in the midterm elections in 1994 and fiercely criticized the electoral system.

 

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