Ireland is a country located in Europe. According to AbbreviationFinder, IE is the two-letter ISO code of Ireland, and IRL is the three-letter country abbreviation for Ireland.
Ireland. It was a government in financial turmoil that in January presented a budget with tax cuts for both companies and private individuals. The surplus in the balance of payments was estimated at the equivalent of SEK 2.2 billion. and GDP was expected to increase by 5.5%.
Despite the good times, the ruling “rainbow coalition”, consisting of Conservative Fine Gael, Labor and the Democratic Left, lost the parliamentary elections in June. The center-focused Fianna Fáil (FF) formed a minority government together with the Progressive Democrats (PD). FF leader Bertie Ahern became prime minister and PD leader Mary Harney his deputy. The government must rely on support from party-bound members.
According to Countryaah, the national day of Ireland is April 24. The new government suffered its first hardship in October, when Foreign Minister Ray Burke was forced to leave both the government and parliament. He had difficulty explaining partly a political donation of SEK 350,000. he received in 1989, partly the circumstances surrounding the sale of eleven Irish passports to a Saudi banker for 225 million. kr. The Burke affair became particularly troublesome for the government as he was one of the chairmen of the Northern Ireland peace talks.
Popular President Mary Robinson resigned in June to become UN Commissioner for Human Rights. She was succeeded in November by Northern Irishman Mary McAleese, a lawyer from Belfast and nominated by the ruling parties. That a Northern Irishman could be elected President of the Republic was due to the fact that I. in his constitution claims the whole island and that Northern Irishmen are automatically entitled to Irish citizenship.
Labor leader Dick Spring resigned in November. as a result of the party’s poor election results. He was succeeded by former Finance Minister Ruairí Quinn.
The woman’s position
In 1972, the Irish Women’s Council was established. The strong Catholic tradition in the country has been a powerful brake on women’s emancipation. Women from both regions of Ireland are forced to travel to the UK to have an abortion, and in Ireland, contraceptive sales continue to be limited.
In 1983, a controversial referendum was held in Ireland, which led to abortion according to. the constitution was banned. At the same time, a 60-year-old divorce ban was maintained, despite the government’s recommendation to abolish it.
In 1987, the share of women in the Irish labor market was 38.5% – the lowest in Western Europe.
In 1990, the Ecclesiastical Synod of Ireland approved that women could be ordained as priests, placing it at the forefront of the other Anglican churches on this issue.
In March 1992, the theme of abortion became relevant again in the political debate in the Republic. The High Court forbade a 14-year-old girl who had become pregnant as a result of a rape traveled to England to have an abortion. It was estimated that around 40,000 Irish women annually travel to England for this very purpose. The case of the young girl triggered sharp reactions from both abortion supporters and opponents, and also triggered a demand for a new referendum on the issue. Eventually, the Supreme Court overturned the verdict, allowing the girl to leave Ireland for a miscarriage. The case also raised the question of the relationship between the Irish Constitution and EU law guaranteeing the free movement of citizens between EU Member States.
In 1993, a new referendum on abortion was held, with two-thirds of voters voting in favor of the right to be informed about abortion and the right to go abroad to have it performed.
Corona restrictions are tightened
Ireland is tightening restrictions on covid-19 again for at least a month, says Prime Minister Micheál Martin. This means that all gyms and all shops that do not sell non-essential goods are forced to stay closed. As of today, no social gatherings are allowed, except for smaller weddings and funerals. However, the schools will reopen, but not until January 11, three days later than usual. Before Christmas, all hairdressing salons, restaurants and pubs serving food were closed. The measures are being implemented since the number of cases of covid-19 has increased by 61 percent during the past week. To date, 90,000 cases of covd-19 have been reported in Ireland and more than 2,200 people have died from the disease. Health authorities emphasize, however, that the spread of infection is driven by the fact that people have spent more time together over the weekends,
Police are increasing patrolling along the border
Irish police will increase patrols along the border when the transitional rules between the UK and the EU end at the turn of the year, but there will be no permanent border posts. The purpose is, among other things, to reduce the risk of increased smuggling via organized crime. For the time being, however, Northern Ireland will continue to be part of the EU’s internal market, in order to avoid a hard border between Ireland and Northern Ireland. A trade agreement between the UK and the EU was finalized on 24 December, according to which trade in goods between the EU and the rest of the UK should be able to continue without tariffs or special quotas. However, more border checks will be carried out and more documentation will be required. Ireland has also promised to fund student exchanges under the EU’s Erasmus program for students from Northern Ireland.
New agreement between the UK and the EU on border issues
The EU and the UK agree on a new agreement on border issues, especially those concerning Northern Ireland. The British government must, among other things, have agreed to continue to comply with EU rules on food handling and animal welfare and agreed to withdraw the legislation that would violate the exit agreement between the UK and the EU. But the parties have not yet agreed on a trade agreement.