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Ireland

Yearbook 1997

Ireland. It was a government in financial turmoil that in January presented a budget with tax cuts for both companies and private individuals. The surplus in the balance of payments was estimated at the equivalent of SEK 2.2 billion. and GDP was expected to increase by 5.5%.

Despite the good times, the ruling "rainbow coalition", consisting of Conservative Fine Gael, Labor and the Democratic Left, lost the parliamentary elections in June. The center-focused Fianna Fáil (FF) formed a minority government together with the Progressive Democrats (PD). FF leader Bertie Ahern became prime minister and PD leader Mary Harney his deputy. The government must rely on support from party-bound members.

According to Countryaah, the new government suffered its first hardship in October, when Foreign Minister Ray Burke was forced to leave both the government and parliament. He had difficulty explaining partly a political donation of SEK 350,000. he received in 1989, partly the circumstances surrounding the sale of eleven Irish passports to a Saudi banker for 225 million. kr. The Burke affair became particularly troublesome for the government as he was one of the chairmen of the Northern Ireland peace talks.

Popular President Mary Robinson resigned in June to become UN Commissioner for Human Rights. She was succeeded in November by Northern Irishman Mary McAleese, a lawyer from Belfast and nominated by the ruling parties. That a Northern Irishman could be elected President of the Republic was due to the fact that I. in his constitution claims the whole island and that Northern Irishmen are automatically entitled to Irish citizenship.

Labor leader Dick Spring resigned in November. as a result of the party's poor election results. He was succeeded by former Finance Minister Ruairí Quinn.

1997 Ireland

The woman's position

In 1972, the Irish Women's Council was established. The strong Catholic tradition in the country has been a powerful brake on women's emancipation. Women from both regions of Ireland are forced to travel to the UK to have an abortion, and in Ireland, contraceptive sales continue to be limited.

In 1983, a controversial referendum was held in Ireland, which led to abortion according to. the constitution was banned. At the same time, a 60-year-old divorce ban was maintained, despite the government's recommendation to abolish it.

In 1987, the share of women in the Irish labor market was 38.5% - the lowest in Western Europe.

In 1990, the Ecclesiastical Synod of Ireland approved that women could be ordained as priests, placing it at the forefront of the other Anglican churches on this issue.

In March 1992, the theme of abortion became relevant again in the political debate in the Republic. The High Court forbade a 14-year-old girl who had become pregnant as a result of a rape traveled to England to have an abortion. It was estimated that around 40,000 Irish women annually travel to England for this very purpose. The case of the young girl triggered sharp reactions from both abortion supporters and opponents, and also triggered a demand for a new referendum on the issue. Eventually, the Supreme Court overturned the verdict, allowing the girl to leave Ireland for a miscarriage. The case also raised the question of the relationship between the Irish Constitution and EU law guaranteeing the free movement of citizens between EU Member States.

In 1993, a new referendum on abortion was held, with two-thirds of voters voting in favor of the right to be informed about abortion and the right to go abroad to have it performed.

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