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Indonesia

Yearbook 1997

1997 IndonesiaIndonesia. 1997 was another difficult year for 76-year-old President Suharto. Severe ethnic unrest, with a backdrop in the state migration program, shook the province of Western Kalimantan on Borneo at the beginning of the year. The province's urinals, the Dayaks, attacked Muslims from the island of Madura. Up to 300 settlers may have been killed before the riots subsided, and thousands fled back to Madura. July 1996. Four other PRD people also received the long prison sentences. The judges were interpreted as a signal to the opposition that protests during the election would not pay off.

According to Countryaah, the state-carrying corporate Golkar increased from 68 to 74% and received 325 of the 425 elected parliament seats. Most of the remaining seats went to the moderate Muslim PPP, while Indonesia's Democratic Party PDI, whose popular leader Megawati Sukarnoputri was ousted by the government in 1996, was almost wiped out. An additional 75 members were appointed by the President in person.

1997 Indonesia

After many years of rapid economic growth, Indonesia in the autumn was hit hard by the same crisis as other East Asian "tiger economies". The reverse of growth was a foreign debt of almost SEK 800 billion. and an insufficient currency reserve that weakened its own currency, rupiah, and subjected it to speculation. The government's attempt to maintain the value of the rupiah through support purchases failed, and when the currency was allowed to flow freely in August, it lost a third of its value in a short time. The International Monetary Fund and other lenders moved in with a support package, valued at between SEK 200 and 300 billion, but the government was forced to close a number of bad banks, abolish a number of commodity monopolies and price controls and reduce import duties.

Indonesia was hit in the autumn by an environmental disaster which was also linked to the rapid economic expansion. Severe forest fires, triggered by illegal burning of fires, spread mainly over Sumatra and Borneo and covered parts of Southeast Asia throughout the autumn with unhealthy smoke clouds. Foremost was forest companies and plantation owners who burned down forest and bush land to quickly clear new land. The fact that the burning of the fire had such catastrophic consequences was due to an unusually intense drought.

The fact that the forest companies were not stopped was considered, among other things. depend on the president's family's great interests in the industry. The smoke is believed to have directly or indirectly caused nearly 500 people's death. The long-term health effects were unknown. The drought is also estimated to have claimed about 500 human lives in the province of Irian Jaya in New Guinea, where much of this year's crop was destroyed.

Occasional riots occurred in occupied East Timor. During a state visit, South African President Nelson Mandela was allowed to meet incarcerated East Timorese leader Xanana Gusmão and offered to host peace talks between the government and East Timorese guerrillas.

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