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Georgia

Yearbook 1997

Georgia. According to Countryaah, Representatives of the Georgian government and the Abkhazia Republic met in Geneva in July for talks under UN supervision. Georgia's leadership has never acknowledged Abkhazia. No formal agreements were reached, but both parties declared themselves willing to resolve the contradictions on a peaceful path. The UN Special Representative in Georgia, Liviu Bota, said that the meeting reduced the risk of continued fighting when the Russian-dominated peacekeeping mandate expired on July 31. He wanted to extend the mandate despite the mandate, and on August 1, Russian officers declared that they had no immediate intention to leave the country.

Eduard Shevardnadze welcomed Russian President Yeltsin's proposal for a peaceful resolution of the conflict. The proposal reaffirmed Georgia's territorial integrity while providing considerable autonomy for Abkhazia, and also provided guarantees for the return of Aboriginal ethnic Georgians. However, the proposal was rejected by Abkhazia President Vladislav Ardzinba, who claimed that Abkhazia was no longer part of Georgia. Nevertheless, Ardzinba, together with Russian Foreign Minister Yevgeny Primakov and Georgian President Shevardnadze, attended a meeting in Tbilisi in mid-August.

Again, it was possible to agree to try to resolve the conflict with peaceful means, but nothing more. Ardzinba stressed after the meeting that Abkhazia would not make any more concessions to find a solution, a statement that was severely criticized by the Georgian refugees from Abkhazia. These argued that Georgia should intervene militarily to restore Georgian supremacy over Abkhazia. However, Shevardnadze excluded military resources but wanted to organize Abkhazia into a federal Georgian state.

1997 Georgia

After the presidential election, Prime Minister Bidzina Ivanishvili resigned voluntarily in November 2013. he had otherwise held office since October 2012. New Prime Minister became former Interior Minister Irakli Garibashvili, who at the same time became chairman of the party. With the constitutional amendment, he now held the country's strongest political post, declaring he would step up efforts to join NATO and the EU.

Following the NATO Summit in July 2014, the United States decided to supply Black Hawk helicopters and other advanced weapons to Georgia.

Throughout 2012, 13 and 14, there were ongoing reports of torture and condescending treatment of detainees at the country's police stations and prisoners in its prisons. The N8 prison stood out here as the center for particularly harsh treatment of the prisoners. This is also where a torture video in 2012 had been recorded and broadcast on TV. Authorities conducted investigations, but charged no one for torture, only unnecessary use of force.

In March 2015, 50 members of the Georgia Dream coalition entered the UNM offices in Zugdidi armed with clubs and stones. They razed the office. 9 people were injured, including one of the police officers who tried to curb the attack, but the police officers were numerically inferior to the attackers.

On September 17, 2015, the Constitutional Court issued an order to release the opposition activist and former Tblisi mayor, Gigi Ugulava. He had been jailed in 2013, charged with fraud and money laundering. The court declared the jail invalid because it had far exceeded the 9-month legal framework before trial. The judges of the court were then harshly criticized by several ministers and threatened with violence by several groups linked to the government. The following day, therefore, Gigi Ugulava was again arrested and sentenced to 4 years in prison on the same day.

Political tension in the country peaked at the end of 2015 after Prime Minister Garibashvili made several rough statements about the opposition UNM. The government made public viewing on large screens of video footage of a rape in a prison conducted by the previous UNM government and also announced intercepted communications between the former and now exiled president and opposition TV station Rustavi 2. Several UNM offices around the country were raided by supporters of the government coalition.

Rustavi 2 was also at the center of another case in October/November, with the government gaining control of the station. A former shareholder of the station filed suit against the current owners. On October 21, the station's director stated that he had been subjected to extortion by the intelligence service that threatened to publish intimate footage of him unless he resigned. Subsequently, Tbilisi City Court issued an order in favor of the former shareholder, and 2 directors were then removed by authorities on November 5 and replaced by 2 government officials. This despite a ruling by the Constitutional Court that said the final decision had to await the appeal. An appeals court upheld the June 2016 ruling.

Prime Minister Garibashvili resigned from office in December 2015 and was replaced by Giorgi Kvirikashvili. No official justification was given for his resignation, but observers pointed out that Georgia's Dream Coalition had only 18% support in polls and with the prospect of parliamentary elections in 2016, the coalition had to do something drastic to try to regain support. Prime Minister Kvirikashvili tried to improve relations with the president, but this remained tense. In 2016, it was further aggravated as Georgia's Dream initiated a constitutional reform process aimed at reducing the importance of the presidential office. Among other things. by abolishing the direct election to office. In October 2017, Parliament passed the constitutional amendment. The president tried to block the adoption with a veto.

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