The Gambia. According to
Countryaah, the parliamentary elections postponed in
December 1996 were held on January 2, 1997. It marked a
return to democratic rule as it was the first multi-party
since the 1994 military coup. President Yahya Jammeh's APRC
(Alliance for Patriotic Reorientation and Construction)
party won a major victory the 45 seats in Parliament.
In early March, President Jammeh appointed a 13-member
government. As another step in the democratic process, in
April he replaced four regional military leaders with
In December 2014, a group of Gambian soldiers and
officers under the command of the Lieutenant Colonel tried
Lamin Sanneh and funded by a millionaire from the United
States to conduct military coup. Lieutenant Colonel Sanneh
was the head of the Presidential Guard until 2013, but was
then ousted by President Jammeh. Sanneh fled to the United
States, contacted other exile Gambians and sought support
from a Gambian millionaire who agreed to finance the coup.
The group entered the Gambia from Senegal and on December 30
attacked the presidential palace while Jammeh was out of the
country. The coup attempt was quickly defeated and most
killed. The coup attempt resulted in an escalation of
repression in the country. In January, dozens of people
linked to others accused of connection to the coup attempt
were arrested and subjected to torture. Only 6 months later
they were released without being charged. In February 2015,
Jammeh rejected international calls from the African Human
Rights Council to conduct an independent investigation into
the coup attempt. In April, the country refused to comply
with 78 out of 171 recommendations from the regular UN Human
Rights Review. In June, he expelled EU Chargée d'Affaires
with 72 hours notice and without justification.
In December 2015, Jammeh declared the country an Islamic
republic as a further distancing from the country's colonial
past. The opposition stated that it was in violation of the
constitution, but the country's media then began to refer to
the country as an Islamic republic.
In April 2016, security forces taunted prominent
opposition leader Solo Sandeng to death while in custody.
During the subsequent peaceful demonstrations against the
killing, over 90 UDP members were arrested and 30
subsequently sentenced to 3 years in prison. Including the
In November, the country announced the UN
Secretary-General that Gambia withdrew from the ICC with
effect from November 2017.