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Gambia

Yearbook 1997

The Gambia. According to Countryaah, the parliamentary elections postponed in December 1996 were held on January 2, 1997. It marked a return to democratic rule as it was the first multi-party since the 1994 military coup. President Yahya Jammeh's APRC (Alliance for Patriotic Reorientation and Construction) party won a major victory the 45 seats in Parliament.

In early March, President Jammeh appointed a 13-member government. As another step in the democratic process, in April he replaced four regional military leaders with civilians.

1997 Gambia

In December 2014, a group of Gambian soldiers and officers under the command of the Lieutenant Colonel tried Lamin Sanneh and funded by a millionaire from the United States to conduct military coup. Lieutenant Colonel Sanneh was the head of the Presidential Guard until 2013, but was then ousted by President Jammeh. Sanneh fled to the United States, contacted other exile Gambians and sought support from a Gambian millionaire who agreed to finance the coup. The group entered the Gambia from Senegal and on December 30 attacked the presidential palace while Jammeh was out of the country. The coup attempt was quickly defeated and most killed. The coup attempt resulted in an escalation of repression in the country. In January, dozens of people linked to others accused of connection to the coup attempt were arrested and subjected to torture. Only 6 months later they were released without being charged. In February 2015, Jammeh rejected international calls from the African Human Rights Council to conduct an independent investigation into the coup attempt. In April, the country refused to comply with 78 out of 171 recommendations from the regular UN Human Rights Review. In June, he expelled EU Chargée d'Affaires with 72 hours notice and without justification.

In December 2015, Jammeh declared the country an Islamic republic as a further distancing from the country's colonial past. The opposition stated that it was in violation of the constitution, but the country's media then began to refer to the country as an Islamic republic.

In April 2016, security forces taunted prominent opposition leader Solo Sandeng to death while in custody. During the subsequent peaceful demonstrations against the killing, over 90 UDP members were arrested and 30 subsequently sentenced to 3 years in prison. Including the UDP leadership.

In November, the country announced the UN Secretary-General that Gambia withdrew from the ICC with effect from November 2017.

 

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