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Eritrea

Yearbook 1997

Eritrea. According to Countryaah, Eritrea adopted its first constitution in May. Work on the constitution had been going on since 1993 when the country broke out of Ethiopia after 30 years of civil war. Eritrea also introduced its own currency, nakfa. The name is taken from a town in the Eritrean mountains which during the Civil War was a strong guerrilla stronghold.

1997 Eritrea

In March 2005, for a further six-month period, the UN Security Council extended the UN mission in Eritrea and Ethiopia (UNMEE). At the same time, the Council appealed to the two countries to refrain from concentrating troops in their common border area. It also expressed concern about the recent Ethiopian troop build-up in the temporary security zone along the border. In October, the Council called on Eritrea to lift restrictions on UNMEE helicopter flights in Eritrean airspace. Eritrea's restrictions are a breach of the ceasefire agreement signed in Algeria in 2000.

Eritrea did not recognize the ruling of the International Court of Justice in The Hague regarding border demarcation, and this for a period created tensions along the border with Ethiopia that were not properly marked. It was not until March 2006 that an agreement was reached between the two countries to resume border demarcation.

In April 2007, the government banned genital mutilation and further decided that any encouragement or practice of female circumcision would be imposed on very high fines. Acc. figures from NGOs suffer 90% of the country's women from the consequences of circumcision.

In May 2007, the UN mission for Ethiopia and Eritrea declared that both countries had increased their concentration of troops along the border, which was a threat to the peace process.

In June 2008, there was a military clash between Eritrea and Djibouti forces in a disputed border area between the two countries.

While Eritrea has reasonable relations with the EU, relations with the United States since 2005 have become increasingly tense. This is mainly because Eritrea has pursued an independent policy and did not want to become a henchman for the United States - unlike neighboring Ethiopia and Djibouti. Thus, while the United States used Ethiopia in 2007 to invade Somalia, Eritrea has wanted to play an independent role. That led in October 2008 to US Deputy Foreign Minister Jendayi Frazer accusing Eritrea of ​​being a "state sponsor of terrorism". The reason was that sheikh Hassan Dahir Aweys had attended a conference in Asmara for Somali oppositionists. The United States believed that the Aweys could have contacts with al Qaeda. The tone did not get lighter after the change of power in Washington in January 2009. In August 2009, the superpower's Foreign Minister, Hillary Clinton Eritrea to supply arms to al-Shabab in Somalia, fighting the United States supported Ethiopian occupation force. The allegations were immediately rejected by Eritrea, but the United States and the African Union nevertheless pressed on in the UN Security Council, which on December 23, 2009 with resolution 1907 imposed severe sanctions on Eritrea. The country called the penalties shameful and a result of the lies of the US and Ethiopia. Eritrea withdrew from the African Union at the same time. s and the lies of Ethiopia. Eritrea withdrew from the African Union at the same time. s and the lies of Ethiopia. Eritrea withdrew from the African Union at the same time.

 

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