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Ecuador

Yearbook 1997

Ecuador. In early January, there was already great dissatisfaction with President Abdalá Bucaram Ortiz. A contributing cause was a tightening package from the government, which would increase the prices of electricity, fuel and bus tickets by between 60 and 300%. The announced raises led to a general strike, which in turn prompted the president to declare state of emergency.

Since the Congress declared a presidential session on February 6 at an "extraordinarily insufficient" session, Parliament could vote him out with a simple majority. He was succeeded by Vice President Rosalia Arteaga, but just three days after she was elected Ecuador's first female president, on February 12, a new interim president was appointed: former President Fabián Alarcón Rivera, initiator of the political protest against the former president. At the end of May, a referendum approved Rivera as Ecuador's president.

According to Countryaah, the deposed Abdalá Bucaram Ortiz was granted political asylum in Panama in April. Ecuador's Supreme Court objected to this, citing that there was an arrest warrant in Ecuador on Ortiz for criminal offenses, not political ones.

Protests, including from the nation's unified Indian movement and a number of peasant organizations, in early August, the president decided that a national council tasked with reforming the constitution should be appointed by the end of the year. It was made in the form of general elections in early December.

1997 Ecuador

Palacio suffered a severe political defeat in October when the Supreme Electoral Commission canceled his print election. The president had shortly before the election been made for the purpose of electing a constitutional assembly. The call for a constitutional assembly is an old demand from the social movements in Ecuador that has brought down several presidents. Palacio now used this requirement to put pressure on the country's political elite, but according to. a majority of the members of the supreme electoral commission contained the amendment of the constitution, and it should therefore first be submitted to Congress. Through his six months in the presidential post, Palacios had made several contacts with Congress to pass his proposal for election to a constitutional assembly. However, all contacts had been fruitless, and that is why he had ultimately chosen the direct path and even printed the election. But the same forces that stretched legs for his proposal in Congress now stretched legs in the Election Commission. The social movements, indigenous peoples and the peasant organizations reacted violently to the decision to ban the elections and therefore resumed their parole: "out with the whole cast" (que se vayan todos)

The second round of the November 2006 presidential election was won by left-wing candidate Rafael Correa with 56.8% of the vote. When he joined in January 2007, Correa declared that "the ill-fated neoliberal cycle has finally been broken in South America". At the same time, he declared that he would work for Ecuador's entry into Mercosur to strengthen integration efforts on the American continent.

In April 2007, a referendum was held on convening a constitutional assembly. The proposal was approved by 78% of the vote and was considered by political observers to be a major victory for Correa, its main advocate. On September 30, elections were held for the Assembly, which was dominated by Correa's own PAIS alliance.

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