Cuba. At the beginning of the year, President Fidel
Castro rejected a US proposal that, over a six-year period,
Cuba would receive a $ 4–8 billion grant if the country
transitioned to a democratic multi-party system. The
proposal also stated that neither Fidel Castro nor his
brother, Defense Minister Raúl Castro, could be part of a
transitional government. Fidel Castro described it as
"unworthy" that freedom and dignity could be bought for
Countryaah, the first celebration in Havana evolved into the largest
manifestation in Cuba's history since the 1959 Revolution.
people. According to the government, there was overwhelming
support for Cuba's one-party system and a mass protest
against the US attempt to eradicate socialism in the
In October, the Cuban Communist Party held its fifth
congress. The 1,500 delegates adopted a program that
extended until 2002. It was characterized by caution and
underlined the importance of political stability. The
program further highlighted that the state would steer
economic growth - to be achieved through increased
efficiency - while leaving room for continued foreign
investment and a small scale private enterprise. Congress
re-elected Fidel Castro as Communist Party leader and his
brother Raúl as his deputy. The Politburo was reduced from
26 to 24 delegates and six new members were elected.
At a ceremony on October 17, almost on the day 30 years
after he was brought to life, the dust after Ernesto "Che"
Guevara was laid in a mausoleum in the city of Santa Clara,
after returning to Cuba from Bolivia in July.
For the first time since 1969, the Christmas Day was
celebrated in Cuba. The decision was made by Fidel Castro
and was seen as a gesture for the Pope's visit to the
country in early 1998.
In 2010, the government sold oil exploration concessions
in the sea west and north of Cuba. The area is believed to
hold $ 1-10 billion. barrels of oil. No US oil companies
participated in the auction because of the superpower
blockade of Cuba. However, in 2012, no reserves were found
suitable for extraction.
In April 2011, Raúl launched a plan for the
implementation of 300 economic reforms based on the Chinese
model. The reforms aim to promote private initiative, reduce
government spending, promote foreign investment and
implement land reform. Cuba's main trading partners are
China and Canada, followed by a number of Latin American
One of Cuba's five political prisoners in US prisons,
René González, was released in October 2011 after serving 13
years in North American prison. A further 3 years were
conditional, but he was allowed to go to Cuba to attend his
father's funeral in April 2013, and a North American judge
then allowed him to stay on condition he waived his North
Cuba was hit in October 2012 by Hurricane Sandy, which
entered the country through Santiago de Cuba in the
easternmost part. With a wind speed of over 200km per hour,
the hurricane was devastatingly devastating. The state
stepped in to repair the damage and repair damaged houses.
Raúl Castro was re-elected in February 2013 for a 2nd
presidential term by the People's Assembly. He declared
shortly after it was his final term and that he would not
seek re-election in 2018.
Raúl declared in October 2013 that the country's dual
currency system would be gradually abolished and that the
two currencies CUP and CUC over an 18 month period would be
approximated. The dual currency system had, over the 20-year
period of its existence, given rise to ever-sharper class
divisions in Cuban society.
In October, the United States was subjected to the annual
humiliation of the UN General Assembly as the General
Assembly condemned the superpower's illegal blockade against
Cuba. This time, only 2 countries - the United States and
Israel - voted against the condemnation. The year before,
Nauru had also voted against, but global climate change has
sent Nauru on a collision course with the United States.
While the United States sent soldiers to West Africa, in
late 2014, Cuba sent 256 doctors and nurses to West Africa
to help fight the Ebola epidemic. It was more than any
western country and emphasized Cuba's long tradition of
solidarity with the Third World. Denmark's traditional form
of aid is bombers. However, no one was sent to West Africa