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Cuba

Yearbook 1997

Cuba. At the beginning of the year, President Fidel Castro rejected a US proposal that, over a six-year period, Cuba would receive a $ 4–8 billion grant if the country transitioned to a democratic multi-party system. The proposal also stated that neither Fidel Castro nor his brother, Defense Minister Raúl Castro, could be part of a transitional government. Fidel Castro described it as "unworthy" that freedom and dignity could be bought for money.

According to Countryaah, the first celebration in Havana evolved into the largest manifestation in Cuba's history since the 1959 Revolution. people. According to the government, there was overwhelming support for Cuba's one-party system and a mass protest against the US attempt to eradicate socialism in the country.

In October, the Cuban Communist Party held its fifth congress. The 1,500 delegates adopted a program that extended until 2002. It was characterized by caution and underlined the importance of political stability. The program further highlighted that the state would steer economic growth - to be achieved through increased efficiency - while leaving room for continued foreign investment and a small scale private enterprise. Congress re-elected Fidel Castro as Communist Party leader and his brother Raúl as his deputy. The Politburo was reduced from 26 to 24 delegates and six new members were elected.

At a ceremony on October 17, almost on the day 30 years after he was brought to life, the dust after Ernesto "Che" Guevara was laid in a mausoleum in the city of Santa Clara, after returning to Cuba from Bolivia in July.

For the first time since 1969, the Christmas Day was celebrated in Cuba. The decision was made by Fidel Castro and was seen as a gesture for the Pope's visit to the country in early 1998.

1997 Cuba

In 2010, the government sold oil exploration concessions in the sea west and north of Cuba. The area is believed to hold $ 1-10 billion. barrels of oil. No US oil companies participated in the auction because of the superpower blockade of Cuba. However, in 2012, no reserves were found suitable for extraction.

In April 2011, Raúl launched a plan for the implementation of 300 economic reforms based on the Chinese model. The reforms aim to promote private initiative, reduce government spending, promote foreign investment and implement land reform. Cuba's main trading partners are China and Canada, followed by a number of Latin American countries.

One of Cuba's five political prisoners in US prisons, René González, was released in October 2011 after serving 13 years in North American prison. A further 3 years were conditional, but he was allowed to go to Cuba to attend his father's funeral in April 2013, and a North American judge then allowed him to stay on condition he waived his North American citizenship.

Cuba was hit in October 2012 by Hurricane Sandy, which entered the country through Santiago de Cuba in the easternmost part. With a wind speed of over 200km per hour, the hurricane was devastatingly devastating. The state stepped in to repair the damage and repair damaged houses.

Raúl Castro was re-elected in February 2013 for a 2nd presidential term by the People's Assembly. He declared shortly after it was his final term and that he would not seek re-election in 2018.

Raúl declared in October 2013 that the country's dual currency system would be gradually abolished and that the two currencies CUP and CUC over an 18 month period would be approximated. The dual currency system had, over the 20-year period of its existence, given rise to ever-sharper class divisions in Cuban society.

In October, the United States was subjected to the annual humiliation of the UN General Assembly as the General Assembly condemned the superpower's illegal blockade against Cuba. This time, only 2 countries - the United States and Israel - voted against the condemnation. The year before, Nauru had also voted against, but global climate change has sent Nauru on a collision course with the United States.

While the United States sent soldiers to West Africa, in late 2014, Cuba sent 256 doctors and nurses to West Africa to help fight the Ebola epidemic. It was more than any western country and emphasized Cuba's long tradition of solidarity with the Third World. Denmark's traditional form of aid is bombers. However, no one was sent to West Africa immediately.

 

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