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Costa Rica

Yearbook 1997

Costa Rica. According to Countryaah, Costa Rica, together with Sweden, was a member of the UN Security Council during the year.

A summit was held in San José during the second week of May between the leaders of Costa Rica, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Honduras, Guatemala, Belize and the Dominican Republic. The summit was visited May 8 by US President Bill Clinton during his trip in the area. It gave the leaders of the seven countries the opportunity to raise questions about US new immigration laws and demanded the development of free trade with the US. During the summit, Clinton signed an agreement on "open skies" including Costa Rica. It was intended to free competition in the air between seven contracting countries.

1997 Costa Rica

In June 2001, Costa Rica began the construction of a wall along the border with Nicaragua, triggering a crisis between the two countries. The government of Managua believes the purpose of the wall is to limit illegal emigration to Costa Rica, while Costa Rica argued that the wall was part of expanded customs rules.

For the first time in the country's history, it was necessary to conduct another round of elections in the presidential election because no candidate got over 40% of the vote. In the second round in April 2002, candidate Abel Pacheco from PUSC won 58.2% over his counterpart Rolando Araya from PLN. Pacheco was inducted as president in May. Another innovation in this election was the new party Citizens Action Party (PAC), which gained 26% of the vote, thus effectively breaking decades of bipartisan system in the country.

In May 2003, a number of working groups went on strike. The electricity and telecommunications workers protest the government's privatization plans, and the teachers with the demand for higher wages. The strikes led to the departure of three of the Pacheco government ministers.

In December 2003, Costa Rica was the only country to suspend its entry into the Central America-US trade cooperation, CAFTA. The state monopolies on insurance and telecommunications felt threatened by the terms of the free trade agreement, and therefore wanted independent negotiations.

In June 2004, the country's hotels and child protection organizations launched a joint national campaign to combat child abuse as a result of international sex tourism. The capital city of San José is one of the hubs of sex tourism, for tourists coming mainly from the US and Europe. The campaign was designed by the Paniamor Foundation, which works in defense of children's rights. The campaign message was clear: "It's a bad idea to help tourists find minors for sex". The slogan is one of the new guidelines for the Costa Rican tourism industry.

In July, a policeman occupied Chile's embassy in San José and took 10 people hostage. Police officer José Orlando Jiménez had worked for 5 years at the embassy and committed suicide shortly before police forces stormed the building. Three people were killed: First Secretary at the Embassy, ​​Roberto Nieto, Consul Cristián Yusseff and Rocío Sariego who were hired to work on the festivities in connection with the event. 100 years of Pablo Neruda's birth. Costa Rican Security Minister Rogelio Ramos stated that security forces had found the 4 people killed - including the occupant - as they entered the building.

The same month, public servants conducted a 24-hour general strike after their dealers rejected a government offer of 4% pay rise. The workers had demanded a 10% increase since inflation in 2004 alone was 6.26%. The strikers conducted demonstrations in the country's major cities. Among the strikers were health workers in hospitals, telecommunications and electricity workers, port workers and government bank employees. The unions estimated that the strike paralyzed the designated sectors 100%. However, only one in five teachers and staff in the state administration participated in the strike. Labor Minister Ovidio Pacheco believed that the strike was only partial and that only 8,000 participated in it. 170,000 are employed in the public sector in Costa Rica and only 60% are professionally organized.

 

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