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Chad

Yearbook 1997

Chad. At the beginning of the year, the country's population elected a new National Assembly. Front Republic, the party that supports President Idriss Déby, received 55 of the 125 seats. The opposition party Union pour le renouveau et la democratie (URD) ​​became the second largest party and took 33 of the seats. International observers felt that the election was largely free and fair. Since the Front republican did not receive an absolute majority, the URD would have a significant influence.

In April, the government signed a peace agreement with the FARF guerrilla. The agreement meant, among other things, that the guerrillas would be transformed into a political party and that members of it be granted amnesty.

In May, the president appointed Nassour Ouaidou Guelendouksia as new prime minister and then a new government was formed. Parts of it were remodeled in November.

According to Countryaah, government representatives and representatives of the three leading rebel forces in the country met in the capital in October. The purpose of the meeting was to start the process that will make the country's various political groups reconciled after years of internal strife.

1997 Chad

The Supreme Transitional Council once again postponed the election for another 12 months; at the same time, the funds allocated by the government to mitigate the effects of the French devaluation in 1994 were declared insufficient. In the presidential election, which was finally held in June and July 1996, Déby was elected president with 69% of the vote.

It was the "fraternity" year when the government had already signed a peace treaty with the Assembly and Development Union in January, which had become a legal political party after writing off the armed struggle. At a meeting in Gabon in March, a number of rebel movements signed peace treaties with the government, and in August Déby signed an agreement with the armed forces in the south aimed at establishing a federal republic and the war actions ceased.

However, the situation continued to be tense in 1997. At the end of the year, Amnesty International stated that at least 80 had been killed as a result of clashes between rebel forces and Chad's army in the southern part of the country.

Southern Chad became the center of an international polemic when the campaign for a World Bank reform, supported by hundreds of NGOs in December, protested against a "mega project" led by the World Bank. The project consisted of the construction of 300 oil drilling towers and the establishment of a transport system across Cameroon to transport the oil to the Atlantic Ocean. The NGOs argued that money should not be used for these types of projects, as the World Bank had just allocated this money to fight poverty.

In March 1998, the director and editor-in-chief of the newspaper "N'Dahmena Hebdo" was sentenced to 2 years in prison for having "swindled the president of Chad" in an article that had been published the year before. However, the verdict has been suspended.

In April 98, a new armed opposition group emerged - the renewed National Front. It abducted a French national and demanded that French troops and oil companies be withdrawn from the country.

In 1999, Chad increased his involvement in the conflict in the Congo with weapons and troops in support of the Kabila government in the country. The conflict already involved the other countries in the region.

 

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