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Canada

Yearbook 1997

Canada. According to Countryaah, the economy showed good figures during the year, while Canada's domestic politics appeared more fragmented than for a long time. Finance Minister Paul Martin was able to present a budget in February that pointed to a sharply reduced deficit over the next few years. When the deficit was highest during the 1993-94 financial year, it amounted to almost 6% of GDP. According to the latest calculations, the deficit is only 1% of GDP in 1999. From 1999, according to the government's forecasts, the government does not need to take new loans. The favorable situation was explained, among other things. with exports being boosted by the diminishing value of the Canadian dollar and the low international interest rates making the repayments on foreign debt cheaper. Canada was also considered to have benefited from the strong US economy.

1997 CanadaWith the good economy and high opinion figures in the back, Prime Minister Jean Chrétien announced a new election to Parliament more than a year in advance. He was thereby also expected to anticipate the new Quebec referendum on leaving the Union as promised by the provincial government. The Chrétien Liberal Party (LP) also managed to retain government power in the June elections, but with a vastly reduced majority. The election underlined the strong geographical polarization in Canadian politics. The extremely conservative and populist Reform Party (RP) emerged as the largest opposition party, but with its voter base almost entirely in the two western provinces of British Columbia and Alberta, where the 1990s austerity hit hardest. RP had particularly criticized the government's alleged concessions to Quebec. The Liberals have their strongest foothold in Ontario,

BQ made a significantly worse election than 1993, which was partly explained by the revelation in a book published a few weeks before the election that the then provincial head of government planned to proclaim immediate independence for Quebec on the yes side had won the referendum on independence in 1995. The official party line was that a yes would be followed by a year's negotiations with the government to enable a peaceful and peaceful exit. BQ led the election of Gilles Duceppe, elected party leader as late as March.

1997 Canada

2008 The evolution of Canada into totalitarian society

Harper's Conservative Party stepped forward slightly in the October 2008 parliamentary elections, and the Harper government continued. The prime ministers have since evolved in an increasingly authoritarian direction. In December 2008, he first asked the governor to suspend parliament, which the governor accepted. In order to avoid a liberal vote of no confidence, Parliament was subsequently suspended from 4 December 2008 to 26 January 2009.

In December 2009, he repeated his authoritarian maneuver, and again with acceptance with the governor. Parliament was suspended December 30 - March 3, 2010. Harper explained that the suspension of democracywas necessary to implement his financial plan. Former Chief of Defense Tom Flanagan declared it was some gossip. The real reason for the suspension of democracy was the damage the opposition could inflict on the armed forces during their war in Afghanistan. Liberal MP Wayne Easter subsequently told the CBC that the prime minister "shut down democracy". On January 23, Canadians in 64 cities demonstrated against the government's crackdown on democracy. On January 29, Harper appointed 5 Conservative senators to the Senate, thereby tipping the balance of power previously dominated by liberals.

The Harper government supports racism and boycotted the United Nations Durban II Conference on Racism in South Africa in April 2009.

In January 2010, Harper put conservatives on 5 vacant seats in the Senate, tipping the balance of power in his favor.

The government lost a vote of confidence in March 2011 by 156 against 145. The government was voted down because of its disdain for Parliament. It was the first time in the country's history that a government table a vote of confidence.

Harper's Conservative Party rose 23 seats to 166 in the May 2011 parliamentary elections. He thus had an absolute majority in the 308-seat Congress. The other major victor of the election was the Social Democratic New Democratic, who rose 66 seats from 37 to 103. The Liberals were more than halved from 77 to 34 and Bloc Québécois was almost wiped out as they went from 49 to 4.

Harper used the electoral victory and the absolute majority in Congress to conduct a series of conservative branding cases that had previously been voted down: Internet surveillance, abolition of gun registration, new fighter procurement, escalated combat against crime, corporate tax cut to 15%.

Canada participated in NATO's war on Libya in the first half of 2011.

In February-September 2012, students in Québéc conducted mass demonstrations against the local government's plans to raise the annual tuition fee from $ 2168 in 2012 to $ 3793 in 2018. Up to hundreds of thousands attended the demonstrations. In September, the local government switched from Liberal to Partí Québécois, which took the proposal for increases to the table.

Canada continues to exploit the Athabasca tar sands in Alberta. These, together with other energy reserves, mean that the country is expected to have 13% of the world's remaining energy reserves.

After 6 years of work, the Canadian Truth and Reconciliation Commission issued a report in June 2015. It concluded that Canada's school system for the indigenous population constituted a "cultural genocide" and also provided a comprehensive catalog of recommendations on how to support the indigenous peoples community and how to stop child abuse. Throughout the 19th and 20th centuries, the Canadian state forcibly removed 150,000 children from their parents and placed them in special boarding schools where they were forbidden to speak their native Native languages ​​and subjected to numerous social, cultural and sexual assaults.

 

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