Africa Asia Europe North America South America Oceania
You are here: Home > Africa > Cabo Verde

Cabo Verde

1997 Cabo Verde

At the economic level, the Cape Verde government had to face the dramatic consequences of a drought that began in 1968, leaving 80% of the country's population without financial basis. Fortunately, the crisis did not have catastrophic consequences, thanks to popular mobilization and international assistance.

Since 1975, the forest land in Cape Verde has grown again - from 3,000 to 45,000 hectares. The government planned that over the next 10 years another 75,000 hectares would be planted and that the islands would then be self-sufficient with timber. At the beginning of the rainy season, women and men leave their normal jobs to plant trees for a week.

According to Countryaah, the government had implemented land reform that gave priority to the production of food for the population, rather than stimulating the production of export products that were characteristic of the colonial era, when the country produced only 5% of the food consumed. The drastic decline in agricultural production forced the government to promote fisheries.

Cape Verde helped Angola in its "Second Liberation War" as it allowed Cuban planes to stop in Cape Verde. They were part of the air bridge that enabled the invasion of troops from Zaire and South Africa to strike back. At the same time, Cape Verde adopted an alliance-free policy, guaranteeing that the country would not be used for the installation of foreign military bases.

When PAIGC was in the discussion of a new constitution for Guinea and Cape Verde in 1981, Guinea-Bissau President Luis Cabral was ousted by a coup. João Bernardino Vieira took over the government and expressed a hostile attitude towards merging with Cape Verde.

In January 1981, PAIGC members in Cape Verde held an urgent conference to analyze the political changes in Guinea-Bissau. After confirming the unity principles originally formulated by Amílcar Cabral as PAIGC's foundation, Congress decided to change the party's name to: The African Party of Cape Verde Independence (PAICV), thus marking a distance to the sister party in Guinea.

Relations between both countries were tense, but thanks to mediation from Angola and Mozambique, in 1982 reconciliation was achieved at a meeting between Mozambique's president Samora Machel, Arístides Pereira and João Bernardino Vieira.

Further conciliatory steps were taken in November 1982 during the Conference of Former Portuguese Colonies in Africa held in Cape Verde. Guinea-Bissau's President, Vieira, along with his colleagues from Angola, Mozambique, Cape Verde and São Tomé attended the meeting in the city of Praia. In the end, the diplomatic relations were resumed, but the parties did not reconnect and the merger plans filed.

 

Other Countries in Africa

Arist Countries Copyright 1997 - 2020 All Rights Reserved