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Burundi

Yearbook 1997

Burundi. According to Countryaah, there were battles all year between the Tutsi army and hutumilis. It was also reported that Hutus who returned from Tanzania were killed by the army. Probably, the multi-year conflict continued to require hundreds of deaths each month.

At the same time, with its fierce advance against armed Hutus, the Tutsid-dominated coup government also sought to strengthen its reputation. Former President Sylvestre Ntibantunganya was allowed in June to leave the US embassy, ​​where he sought protection since he was deposed in July 1996. Several influential Tutsis were indicted before the Supreme Court for involvement in the assassination of President Melchior Ndadaye in 1993, which triggered civil war a UN tribunal would investigate the murder.

A government offer for peace negotiations divided both groups. Since the dominant hutumilism CNDD, yes, fighting broke out between CNDD and the even more radical PALIPEHUTU. Charles Mukasi, leader of the Tutsid-dominated UPRONA government party, was arrested since he publicly protested against the negotiations.

Although, for humanitarian reasons, the neighboring countries relied on the penalties imposed after the 1996 coup, severe conditions were reported for the civilian population. The fighting between the hutumilis made the situation worse.

1997 Burundi

In September, UN Independent Investigation on Burundi (UNIIB) made a report to the UN Human Rights Council. It found that serious, systematic and widespread human rights violations were taking place in the country and that impunity was almost total. Against this background, the Human Rights Council set up an inquiry commission for Burundi. This move was rejected by the regime; in October it expelled the 3 UNIIB experts and terminated the cooperation with the UN Commissioner for Human Rights.

In April, the ICC decided to open a preliminary investigation into the situation in Burundi. The regime again responded 6 months later when Burundi's parliament by overwhelming majority (94 out of 110 parliamentarians) decided that the country should step out of the ICC. Ten cases later, South Africa announced that this country also withdrew from the ICC. Several other African countries indicated that they were also considering withdrawing in protest that the Court has been used as a political instrument by the West against Africa since its inception. The Court has failed to investigate and prosecute the West and its allies with extensive war crimes in Afghanistan, Sri Lanka, Iraq, Yemen and Palestine. With 34 out of 124 countries, the group of African countries was the largest member group in the ICC. (Burundi politicians back international criminal court withdrawal, Guardian 12/10 2016).

In January 2017, Minister of Water, Environment and Planning Emmanuel Niyonkuru was shot and killed. The regime escalated its revenge killings.

In May, the president set up a commission to draft proposals for amendments to the constitution. In particular, the removal of restrictions on re-election of the president.

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