Africa Asia Europe North America South America Oceania
You are here: Home > Asia > Bhutan

Bhutan

1997 Bhutan

The image of political stability that the authorities sought to provide to the outside world was to some extent disturbed by the actions of groups demanding the introduction of democracy. Among these groups is a Nepalese minority, which has been relatively active in recent years.

According to Countryaah, tensions between the ethnic groups increased after the census in 1988. The king then sought to increase the "Bhutanization" of the country and forced the traditional use of the traditional clothing - the cow for men, the kira for women - and dzonga, as state language. He banned the teaching of Nepali, banned tourists from accessing the holy places and banned television broadcasts from India. It was also prohibited to issue work permits to foreigners.

These measures helped to excite the Nepalese minority, approx. 25% of the population immediately demonstrated their displeasure, but their demands met on several occasions by the King's incompatibility.

In September 1990, giant demonstrations were held and clashes between the banned Bhutan People's Party representing the Nepalese minority and government forces in the streets of Thimbu. Opposition groups reported after the fighting that 300 people had lost their lives.

The Bhutan People's Party was founded by a group of students of Nepali origin, in order to put an end to the sovereignty of the Drukpa, to replace the unrestricted monarchy of a constitutional and few political parties.

From 1990, agitation intensified: Nepalese resistance groups set fire to schools and cracked bridges; abductions were carried out in order to raise funds, while the government accused the groups of being responsible for hundreds of killings. In return, the towns of southern Bhutan were closed down, where the Nepalese minority was predominantly concentrated. At the same time, the Unity Front was founded for the Liberation of the People in Kathmandu, Nepal.

In 1991, King Jigme Singye Wangchuk decided to make certain concessions. During a meeting in Tsogdu, he threatened to abdicate if his policy towards the Nepalese minority was not supported. At the end of the year, the government issued amnesty to 800 members of the People's Party.

Still, the gradual ethnic cleansing continued. By the mid-1990s, 20% of the country's population - Lhotshampa - had been forced into exile. Most settled in refugee camps in eastern Nepal. Acc. UNHCR lived 107,000 in refugee camps in Nepal in 2008. Nepal refused to grant them citizenship and a large part of them were therefore stateless. From 2008, a number of Western countries began to accept Lhotshamps as refugees.

 

Other Countries in Asia

Arist Countries Copyright 1997 - 2020 All Rights Reserved