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Belarus

1997 Belarus

According to Countryaah, during the second half of the 1920's, the industrialization and nationalization of agriculture began. The 12th Congress of the Belarusian Soviets adopted a new constitution on November 19, 1937. As a result of the Molotov-Ripple Pact, signed by the Soviet Union and Germany, the western part of Belarus in November 1939 was incorporated into the Soviet Union. Belarus was to become the first country to suffer Hitler's attack on the Soviet Union in June 1941, but the Germans met stiff resistance in, among other things. Brest, in the numantic Belarus. Following the defeat of Germany in 1945, the borders of Belarus, as we know them today, were established and that year, the country became one of the founders of the United Nations, with independent representation, in the style of Ukraine. At the end of World War II more than 2 million Belarusians were killed.

It took Belarus about two decades to establish itself economically and the country became a major manufacturer of trucks, electrical goods, radios and TVs. In the period from 1920-1980 Belarus was transformed from an agricultural country where 90% of the population was engaged in agriculture and cattle breeding to now an industrial nation. The Belarusian Republic consists of approx. 80% of the original population and immigration from other republics have been very poor.

Until 1985, the Communist Party and the Belarusian government continued the course set by the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. Among the communist leaders of this period, Piotr Mashérov stands out; he later died in a traffic accident. In Belarus, in connection with the introduction of Gorbachov's "glasnost" and "perestroika" policies, not strong separatist tendencies were seen in relation to the Soviet Union, although certain movements that advocated majority rule and a number of demonstrations were also carried out in protest against the rise in food prices.

Belarus is the non-Ukrainian republic most severely affected by the disaster in Chernobyl in 1986. According to foreign observers, in the following years, a sharp increase in the incidence of cancer, leukemia and genetic defects in the regions of Ukraine, Belarus and the western Russia, which had been subject to nuclear fallout. A report by the International Energy Agency of the United Nations, published in May 1991, emphasizes that some of the health problems attributed to the disaster are psychosomatic and not results of radioactive radiation.

In June 1991, Belarus proclaimed its independence, and in October an agreement was signed with Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan on economic cooperation. The Presidents of the Association of Russian States, Ukraine and the Belarusian Parliament - Boris Yeltsin, Leonid Kravchuk and Stanislav Sushkevich - signed a historic agreement, on December 8, 1991, signifying the dissolution of the Soviet Union. The presidents who were certainly not supporters of the Gorbachovs attempting to conclude a new Union Agreement, decided to establish a new Association of Sovereign States (CIS). On the 21st of the same month, 11 republics in Alma Ater, Kazakhstan, signed an agreement establishing the Association of Independent States whose members applied individually to the UN. Belarus and another 7 republics pledged to adopt structural reform programs in order to introduce market economy.

The clashes between the President of Parliament and the Prime Minister reached its culmination in September 1993, when rumors of a coup d'état began to circulate. In January 1994 Sushekevich was replaced by Mecheslav Grib. In March, Parliament passed a new constitution replacing the old one from 1977, when Belarus was still part of the Soviet Union.

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