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Bangladesh

Yearbook 1997

Bangladesh. Despite a peaceful shift in power in the 1996 elections, no real political calm was to be found in 1997. The Nationalist Party of Bangladesh Jatiyatabadi Dal, who was in opposition in the elections, resorted to the same obstructionist policy as it himself criticized in office and boycotted the parliament from time to time.

1997 Bangladesh

The political parties' reluctance to objectively debate began to seriously worry lenders and investors, and in October the US ambassador offered to mediate between the government and the opposition. The intervention was considered to be triggered by foreign stakeholders' concern that political instability could damage investment in oil and gas extraction.

According to Countryaah, former military dictator Mohammad Ershad was released on bail against the bail in January. He had been incarcerated since 1990 for, among other things. abuse of power and corruption. During the year, a long trial began against the militants who in 1975 murdered the country's first leader Mujibur Rahman, the current Prime Minister Hasina Wajed's father.

A more than 22-year-long conflict came to an end in the fall through a peace agreement between the government and Shanti Bahini, a guerrilla who fought for self-government for Chittagong Hill Tracts, a mountain area in the southeast mainly inhabited by minority people.

Dhaka

Dhaka, formerly Dacca, capital of Bangladesh; DKK 14.4 million residents (2013). For decades, Dhaka has been among the world's fastest growing major cities.

The city is located on a wide area by the Buriganga river arm in the great Ganges - Brahmaputra delta. Dhaka is an ancient city with several buildings from the time as the mogul capital of Bengal. Narayanganj to the east, now the most important industrial area and growing along with Dhaka, was then the capital's port city.

Dhaka's physical development reflects the geographical conditions of the low terrain with annual floods during the summer monsoon. The growth of the city is mostly to the north, and new neighborhoods to the east and west are on the other side of low wetlands, former river basins, which, like other marginal areas of the urban landscape, are inhabited by poor migrants in thatched cottages. The history of the city can also be read from its geography. To the south lies Old Dhaka, densely populated with narrow streets and a jumble of sparse, germinating bicycle rickshaws, fragrant with spices and garbage and with a crowd of people who survive by diligence and ingenuity. In a green belt north of this lies the colonial administration buildings, and to the east and west newer residential and business districts characterized by modern high-rise buildings. A northern ring is characterized by the modern architecture of the government buildings, shaped over circles and squares in green parks. Further north are the wealthy and diplomatic districts of Banani and Gulshan with exclusive shops and restaurants and thriving gardens and avenues. Further to the north, the military functions lie discreetly withdrawn from the major roads, which, like the city's many parks, are adorned with monuments for the young nation.

In 1998, the floods were worse than usual, and much of the city, especially the slums, was submerged. Dhaka is considered to be one of the most air polluted cities in the world. One of the most important factors is a huge fleet of small three-wheeled scooter taxis with heavily polluting two-stroke engines. Despite attempts to intervene, their numbers, and thus daily discomfort and severe health problems, are still increasing. Dhaka has in recent years experienced economic growth in the banking and finance and telecommunications, which has benefited not least the construction industry.

History

Dhaka's history dates back to the first decades after the birth of Christ. The city got its period of greatness after 1608 as provincial capital under the moguls. Dhaka became the center of trade and industry and its fine cotton (mussel) was world famous. With the British seizing power in 1757, Dhaka lost its influence as Calcutta (Kolkata) became the capital and the cheap English cotton goods destroyed the thriving textile industry. By the split of Bengal in 1947, Dhaka became the capital of East Pakistan and in 1971 in independent Bangladesh.

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