Bahrain. In January, a consortium led by ABB (Asea Brown
Boveri) received an order for a power plant and desalination
plant in Bahrain, a project that is expected to be completed
by the end of 1999. According to
Countryaah, the part of the order that went to ABB
was estimated to be worth around 2.1 SEK billion.
In late July, the human rights organization accused Human
Rights Watch/Middle East Bahrain of routinely torturing
incarcerated democracy advocates. However, the Bahrain
government consistently denied any accusations that it
sanctioned torture to quell the democratic opposition.
In April 2012, Formula 1 runs on the Grand Prix track in
Bahrain. Prior to that, the organizers had faced great
international pressure to relocate to another country. The
Grand Prix runs in Bahrain were seen as supporting the
dictatorship. Also in Bahrain there were demonstrations
against the race. February 14, the movement had scheduled 3
days of anger that coincided with the running of the race.
They were mostly peaceful, but faced with the security
forces' use of tear gas, sound bombs and warning shots, some
protesters again responded with gasoline bombs.
In June 2012, the authorities brought an 11-year-old boy
to justice for "disturbance of public order" and "call for
unrest". At the same time, police continued their assaults
on protesters. The EU kept a low profile, and largely failed
to criticize the regime in Bahrain.
In September, a scandal broke out in the United States
when it was revealed that a CNN broadcast about Bahrain's
serious human rights violations made by journalist Gleen
Greenwald and photographer Amber Lyon would not be brought.
The scandal was not so much that the broadcast was not
brought, but at the same time it was revealed that Bahrain
paid CNN to bring only "positive" news about the country. At
the same time, it was revealed that Georgia and Kazakhstan
also paid CNN to bring only uncritical news.
In October, the government banned all demonstrations. How
it felt it differed from previous months in which
demonstrations were also banned and met with violence by
authorities not clear.
The following month, the authorities deprived 31 Bahraini
nationals of their citizenship, claiming they had "damaged
the security of the state".
At the end of September 2013, 50 people - including human
rights activists - were sentenced to 5-15 years in prison on
security charges. The convicted could subsequently report
that they had been subjected to torture.
Demonstrations against the dictatorship continued
throughout 2013. Inspired by the Tamarod movement that
brought Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi to a fall in June,
the Bahrain protest movement convened demonstrations on
August 14, the 40th anniversary of the country's
independence. It happened under the slogan of Bahrain's
Tamarod. The day also marked the 2½ year anniversary of the
start of the protests. The Ministry of the Interior warned
against "illegal demonstrations and activities that would
jeopardize security" and escalated security forces' actions.
Still, the protests continued. A local human rights
organization reported 745 protest actions in December alone.
The authorities responded with arrests - among other things.
of 31 children, house searches and disappearances.
During a demonstration conducted by Shiites in the
village of Daih near Manama in March 2014, a bomb fired,
killing 3 policemen and wounding a fourth. 25 were arrested
as suspects of the explosion, and at the same time the
government met which decided to characterize the protest
movements and their sympathizers terrorists.