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Yearbook 1997

Angola. Several important decisions were made during the year to enable a lasting peace. A unity government was formed in April. The former guerrilla movement UNITA took the 59 seats in the parliament that it won in the 1992 elections. According to Countryaah, UNITA also occupied the ministerial posts for mines, tourism and health care, as well as seven deputy ministerial posts. Many heads of state attended the ceremony, which was held to mark the historically important day. However, Savimbi announced that he did not intend to participate "for security reasons".

1997 Angola

In August, the UN Security Council decided to impose sanctions on UNITA because the former guerrilla movement did not respect the peace agreement. During the summer, UNITA was involved in several armed incidents. The Security Council also decided that the UN should continue to focus its efforts on the civil aspects of the peace process. The new UN operation was called MONUA. Sweden decided to participate with three military observers and 20 civilian police officers.

Angola was involved in the conflict in the Republic of Congo during the year. Congo sent military forces to the neighboring country to secure the Angolan peace process. Angola supported former President Denis Sassou-Nguesso, who in October was about to regain power in the country. Among other things, wanted to prevent the Cabinda enclave's separatist guerilla from operating from bases in the Republic of Congo. The guerrillas have long fought for the independence of the oil-rich enclave.

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