| In 1951, Åland was given a new self-government law with
extended guarantees that the Swedish language and culture
should be preserved. The special position of Åland was
further strengthened in 1993, when the landscape gained
greater financial freedom. The self-government also gives
Åland the right to enact laws in health care, education,
culture, communications and the police system.
parliamentary committee with politicians from both Åland and
Helsinki worked in 2013-2017 to prepare a proposal for a new
autonomy law. But since there was disagreement about how the
Constitution of Finland and the Self-Government Act should
relate to each other and about how rights and obligations
are distributed between Åland and the mainland, the proposal
was put on ice. However, a review is underway of the
economic system that regulates the relationship between
Åland and the mainland.
Finland is represented in Åland by a governor appointed
by the President of Finland in consultation with the Speaker
of the Åland Parliament, called the legislature. This has 30
members who are elected in general elections for a term of
four years. The voting age is 18 years. Åland also elects a
representative to the Finnish Parliament, which usually
joins the Swedish People's Party's parliamentary group.
The executive power of the self-government lies with the
Landscape Government (formerly the Landscape Board), which
is appointed by the legislature and is led by the Land
Council (the chairman).
The Åland governments have dominated bourgeois
coalitions. Apart from the Social Democrats of Åland, who
have often been in opposition, most parties are bourgeois.
The Åland Center has traditionally had the strongest support
among the farmers. Moderate collection for Åland was named
until 2011 Friskinnad cooperation. Other bourgeois parties
are the Liberals of Åland and the Unbound Collection. The
future of Åland promotes Åland independence.
In the legislative elections held on October 20, 2019,
the Center became the largest party and the Liberals second
largest. It went worst for the Social Democrats, who lost
two seats. One month after the election, a provincial
government, led by the Center, took office with party leader
Veronica Thörnroos as head of government, the so-called
county council. The Unbound Collection, the Moderates and a
new party, Sustainable Initiative, were also included in the
In the recent electoral movements, lively debates have
been held about, among other things, EU rules for the
hunting of seabirds and the environmental impact of large
fish farms. The possibilities of Åland to influence issues
within the EU have often been debated. The Government of
Helsinki has been negative in allowing Åland to bring its
own case in Brussels on issues where Åland has the right to
enact its own laws.